History of India can be roughly divided into the 6 periods of Ancient India, Medieval India, the years of the Company, colonial times as part of The Raj, the struggle for Independence and finally, post-Independence.
India, with an area if 3.3 million Sq. Km, is a subcontinent. The peninsula is separated from mainland Asian by the Himalayas. The country lies between 80 4' and 3706' north of the equator and surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean to the south.
Generally, India's climate is defined by three seasons - the hot, the wet (monsoon) and the cool, each of which can vary in duration from north to south. The most pleasant time to visit most places is during the cooler period November to around mid-February.
The long span of Indian history covering more than 3000 years and enumerating several civilizations has been a constant reminder of the country's rich multicultural extravaganza and world-renowned heritage.
Like the people and the land itself, Indian cuisine varies from region to region.
The basic staples of almost every meal include rice, lentils (dahl) and some form of bread known as roti. Whenever possible, try and order a wonderful multi-course meal called a thali to ensure that you get to try a few different dishes.
The Himalayan region extending from Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh through Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Meghalaya and Nagaland and the Deccan Peninsula is rich in endemic flora, with a large number of plants which are not found elsewhere.