Agartal is the capital of the Indian state of Tripura. It lies on the Haora River and is located 2 km from Bangladesh. It has several temples and palaces. The population of Agartala was 367,822 in 2004 after the municipal expansion (189,327 in the 2001 census).
The ancient Capital of the then Princely State ‘SWADHIN TRIPURA’ was at Rangamati (Udaipur, South Tripura) by the bank of the river Gomati and in 1760 A.D. , it was shifted by the Maharaja Krishna Kishore Manikya (1830-1849) to present old Agartala by the bank of the river Haora and was named ‘Haveli’. Due to frequent invasion of the Kuki's and also to keep easy communication with the British Bengal, the Maharaja Krishna Kishore Manikya started the process of shifting the Capital from Old Haveli to New Haveli (present Agartala ) in the year 1849 A.D.
The Agartala Municipality was established during the reign of Maharaja Chandra Manikya (1862-1896) within an area of 3 sq. miles having a population of only 875 by a royal proclamation in the last part of 1871 A.D. Mr. A.W.S.Power , the Ist British Political Agent for Tipperah was also appointed as the Chairman of the Agartala Municipality in the year 1872 A.D. who held office from 1872-73 A.D.
Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Bahadur is called the founder of the planned City of Agartala. During the period of the early forties, the entire town area was re-organised infrastructurally in a planned manner with strong roads and a market building.
Geography and climate
State of Tripura having 4 districts, roadways & small railway network.Agartala is located at 23.84° N 91.28° E. It has an average elevation of 16 metres (52 ft).
The city is situated in a plain along the Haora River, though the city also extends to the low lying hills on its northern parts.
Agaratala has a pleasant climate throughout the year with no extremes of temperature.
Summer : (March to June) - Warm
Monsoon: (July to September) - Warm and humid
Winter : (October to February) - Cool
A road in AgartalaAgartala city consists of many Paras, which means "locality" in Bengali. Each neighbourhood or para is usually a municipal ward or division also.
The Agartala city is managed by the Agartala Municipal Council, AMC, which divides the city into many wards and each ward has an elected ward representative or municipal councillor.
For postal administration also the city is divided into various postal zones.
The city is the state capital so most of the population is employed in the state & central Government and other Government owned enterprises.
List of major PSU's in Agartala are:
There is a wide variety of private enterprises also and the main business area of the city Gol Bazaar and Kaman Chowmuhani area which has a huge conglomeration of shops, bazaars, banks, etc.
Major Indian banks serving Agartala are SBI, PNB, UTI Bank, ICICI Bank, Vijaya Bank, Canara Bank,etc.
The major commodities exported from Agartala are tea, rubber and gas/LPG.
Demography and culture
The city mainly consists of Bengalis and Bengali Culture and Bengali language predominates the city. The main festivals of the city such as Durga Puja and Saraswati puja reflect the influence of the culture of the Bengalis.
There is also a growing population of the native Tripuri people in the city.
Bengali is the common language spoken in Agartala. Other languages spoken include Kokborok (Tripuri language), Manipuri , Changma, Nepali, etc.
Laxmi Narayan Bari temple in Palace CompundHinduism is the dominant religion and there are many temples across the city.
Some prominent temples are
Laxmi Narayan Bari temple in Palace Compound
Christianity is also a growing religion with the majority of the Christians among the native Tripuri people. A majority of the Christians are of the Baptist denomination. The churches are listed below.
Town Baptist Church in Arundhutinagar
City Baptist Church in Krishnanagar
Capital Baptist Church in Krishnanagar
Central Baptist Church in Palace Compound
St. Joseph's Catholic Church in Durjoynagar
The majority of the muslim community also live in Tripura. Buddhism is also followed by the Chakma also known as changma people and there is a Buddha Mandir temple in Abhoynagar.
National Highway 44 connects Agartala to Assam and the rest of India by road. The highways (NH44 , NH 44A) connects Agartala with Silchar (288 km), Guwahati (599 km), Shillong (499 km), Dharmanagar (200 km) and Aizawl (443 km). A bus service also connects it to Dhaka (150 km).
Agartala is also connected by air, the modernised Agartala Airport connects it to other cities in India. There are daily flight connections to Delhi, Kolkata and Guwahati.
Agartala is being connected to Lumding, Assam by a meter gauge railway line to be fully operational by 2009. The nearest railhead is presently in Ambassa a town of the Dhalai district, a distance of about 108 km.
Tripura State Museum at Post Office Chowmuhani.