Amravati (also known as Amrawati or Amraoti) is a city in the state of Maharashtra in India. It is believed to be the city of Lord Indra, the king of all gods. The city boasts of historical temples of Goddess Amba, Lord Shri Krishna and Shri Venkateshwara.
Amravati is also the headquarter of "Amravati Division" which is one of the six divisions of the state of Maharashtra. ( Vidharbha region). Following four districts come under Amravati Division Akola, Yeotmal,Buldhana, Washim.
Amravati means ‘abode of immortals’. Amravati was the capital of Berar, which was part of present-day Vidharbha. Berar was part of the Mauryan emperor Ashoka's empire. In 1833 Berar was handed over to the British East India Company. It was divided into two districts, South Berar or Balaghat and North Berar. In 1956, with the reorganisation of the states, Amravati was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to Bombay state, and in 1960 with the creation of Maharashtra, Amravati became one of its districts. Freedom fighter Bhagat Singh was hiding for 3 days in Amravati during his underground tenure and he frequently visited Hanuman Akhada (Gym) during that time. There were many other freedom fighters who laid their lives seeking Indian Independence.
Amravati is located at 20.93° N 77.75° E. It has an average elevation of 343 metres (1125 feet). It lies 156 km (97 miles) west of Nagpur, and serves as the administrative center of Amravati District and of Amravati Division. As with so many other small cities in India, Amravati is growing rapidly in terms of living quality. New flyovers and roads are being built to renovate the city, and other improvements like new traffic signals are underway under IRDP (Integrated Road Development Programme) implemented by government of Maharashtra
The town is located near the passes through the hills that separate the cotton-growing regions of the Purna basin to the West and the Wardha basin to the East. Amravati is a growing industrial center, with cotton mills as an important industry. The town is expanding toward Badnera, 10 km to the south, which is the location of the railway junction where the branch railway line serving Amravati joins the main Mumbai - Bhusawal - Wardha - Nagpur - Howrah rail route. National Highway 6 from Hajira (Surat) to Kolkatta passes through the city, which is part of Asian Highway 6.
It is also home to "Shivtekdi", a popular hilltop place with hundreds of people jogging in that area. Efforts are being done to revamp the "Maaltekdi", to make it a healthy destination for all early exercisers.
Amravati has a tropical wet and dry climate with hot, dry summers from March to June, the monsoon season from July to October and warm winters from November to March. The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded was 49.7oC on 25 May, 1954 and 5.0oC on 9 February, 1887 respectively.
The "Temple of Goddess Amba" is one of the famous spiritual architecture in Vidharbha Region. There's a legend that when Lord Krishna ran away with Goddess Rukhamini from her wedding ceremony, he used a tunnel laying from Ambadevi temple to Koundinyapur (another spiritual place near Amravati). This tunnel is still in existence but is now closed. Many research team over the years have tried to investigate about the length of the tunnel but all their efforts were in vain. In Navaratri, there's a fare which goes on for 9 days where people from all nearby towns and villages participate and dance Garba/Dandiya till late night. The city is also known for Sai temple along with Bhaktidham situated in Sai nagar. Other major Indian festivals like Diwali and Holi are also celebrated with lots of enthusiasm.
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Amravati is well known for the famous health Education Institution Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal (popularly known as HVPM) founded by Vaidya Brothers, Anant Krishna and Ambadas Krishna. Amravati is also home to "Tapovan", society for leprosy affected people established by late Dr. Shivajirao Patvardhan in 1968. The campus of Sant Gadgebaba Amravati University is located nearby. Amravati has excellent pharmacy colleges in Vidybharti Pharmacy College and Government Pharmacy College, providing good educational, experimental and research facilities. Students and professionals from Amravati are networked all over the world and contributing efficiently towards globalization.
The current (and first woman) President of India Sau. Pratibhatai Patil belongs to Amravati.[clarify] The current Member of Legislative Assembly is Dr. Sunil Deshmukh of the Indian National Congress (INC). He is also a Minster of State for Finance and Planning, Water Resources, Parliamentary Affairs and Command Area Development in Maharashtra Government. He is the guardian minister for Amravati and Bhandara Districts of Vidarbha, Maharashtra. He also serves as the present Vice-Chairman of the Vidarbha Irrigation Development Corporation (VIDC).
The current Member of Legislative Council is Mr. Jagdish Motilal Gupta of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The current Member of Parliament is Mr. Anant Gudhe of the Shivsena. The current Mayor is Mr. Ashok Dongre of the Indian National Congress (INC), while Chetan Pawar of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) is the Deputy Mayor.
Amravati has an aerodrome which is about 15km off NH-6 towards Akola. It is in the area called Belora. The aerodrome is not used for commercial purposes. It is used only by the politicians and other people with private jets. It has a 1.5km runway and also has a helipad. The overall facility is not worth much talking about. The control tower lies in shabby state. There are talks that Amravati would be getting an international airport but there is not a surety whether this aerodrome would be the one.