Aurangabad named after Aurangzeb, the Mughal Emperor, is a city in Maharashtra. Aurangabad means ‘Built by the Throne’. Being a tourist hub, the city has many historical monuments of great importance. The monuments of Ajanta and Ellora shows the cultural heritage and is declared as World heritage site by UNESCO.
In the year 1681, Aurangzeb became the Mughal Emperor and he used Aurangabad as the base for his campaigns. He died in 1707 and his tomb is located at Khultabad a small town near the city of Aurangabad which is a tourist spot of the state.
Aurangabad Caves were excavated from the soft rock during the 6th and 7th century. These caves, ten in number, are divided into two separate locations - Western Group Caves having caves 1-5 and Eastern Group Caves having caves 6-10, located 1 km apart. The designing and image is molded by Tantric Hinduism.
The Ajanta Caves
The Ajanta Caves have 30 rock cut Bhuddhist caves and it is 106 km from Aurangabad. The basic designs of the caves are called ‘Chaitya grihas’ and ‘Viharas’. Five caves are Buddhist cathedrals and the remaining 25 are monasteries.
The Chaityas are large, rectangular chambers separated by rows of pillars. They are decorated by sculptures and murals which depict the many incarnations of Buddha.
The Ellora Caves are listed in the world-heritage list. They are located about 30 km from Aurangabad. The Kailash Temple of the Ellora caves is the most attractive and masterpiece ... (more) The Ellora Caves are listed in the world-heritage list. They are located about 30 km from Aurangabad.
The Kailash Temple of the Ellora caves is the most attractive and masterpiece of the creator. The Kailash temple in the Ellora caves is one of the world’s largest and massive sculpture. It was curved out of a rock with the help of 7000 laborers and took nearly 150 years to complete. The shrines are a mix or both Hindu and Jain faiths. Cave number 32 is famous for a glorious Yakshi statue and beautiful ceiling paintings. (less)
Bani Begum Garden
Bani Begum Garden is a graceful garden located about 24 km from Aurangabad. The garden is known for its lush green appearance and comforting atmosphere. It got its name from the tomb of Bani Begum who is the wife of Aurangzeb’s son which is located in middle of this garden.
Baradari Iwaz Khan Aqueduct
The ruins of Aurangabad are a place of interest to romantic tourists. The ruins have more than a ghastly interest.
The Baradari Iwaz Khan Aqueduct is also a place of ruins in Aurangabad. Only rubbles of this complex remains. The years have beaten-up the walls. The force of the attacks of the Marathas also have to an extend played a role in battering up the walls.
Bibi ka Maqbara
The monument Bibi Ka Maqbara was built in 1679 AD by Aurangzeb’s son. He built it in memory of his mother Rabia. Ata Ullah was the architect and he based the design on the Taj Mahal.
The memorial is built of sandstone with plastered walls and has a marble dome. It has an flowery wall around with an entrance which provides the best view of the memorial. The enclosure of the tomb is made of marble and is octagonal.
Cannought is a shoppers paradise of Aurangabad. The place has a Kam Khab, the golden and silver thread blended with cotton to make the dainty Himroo shawls and sarees. These products are available in many showrooms in and the market area.
The Chauki-ki-masjid is one of the masjids and dargahs that are scattered in and around the old city of Aurangabad. The Chauki-ki-Masjid was built by Aurangzeb’s uncle. It was built by Shayista Khan who was Aurangzeb’s uncle in 1665 A.D.
The Revenue Office building was known as the Damri Mahal. It was built after the completion of the ‘Barra Darri’. The building was built by imposing a donation of a damri which is equivalent to a quarter of a dub. The contribution was collected from all the labourers employed.
Dargah of Pir Ismail
The Dargah of Pir Ismail was constructed in memory of Pir Ismail the tutor of the prince Auranzeb. The garden in the Dargah consists of many destroyed water tanks and fountains. The gate is magisterial and it has a large pointed archway. It forms sort of a portico.
Daulatabad is situated 13 km from Aurangabad. The fort stands on a pyramid shaped hill. It was previously known as Devgiri. Bhillama, the king of the Yadav dynasty built it in the 12th century. It was Mohammed Bin Tughlaq who gave the name Daulatabad which means city of fortune.
Entry fee Rs 5 for Indians and $5 for foreigners. The timing is from 9 am to 6 pm.
The Ghrishneshwar Temple was built during 1765 and 1795. The construction of the temple was done by Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore. The temple is built of red volcanic rock and it delivers a characteristic appearance.
The temple is of great importance as the presiding deity is a jyotirlinga.
Like all other cities in India, Aurangabad also features a large number of bazaars. Gul Mandi is also one of the largest bazaars in Aurangabad. Exchanging also takes place in these markets.
The Himroo Factory is a major tourist attraction of Aurangabad. The conventional Himroo fabric is available here.
The Himroo material is an amazing mix of cotton and silk and it is known for its quality. Pathani saris and conventional handloom shawals can also be seen here. The materials of other factories and Himroo material and silver threads are also available here.
The Jama Masjid is located near the Killa Arrak. It has 50 polygonal pillars. These pillars are arranged in 5 rows. They are connected by a system of arches. This divides the building into 27 equal compartments. Each compartment is covered by a small domical vault which is simple but elegantlly designed.
Khuldabad is a very important significant religious centre. The place is abode to 2 of the most worshiped Muhammaden saints. Burhan-ud-din and Zain-ud-din are the most worshiped Muhammaden saints and their tombs are also situated here.
Aurangzeb in the year 1692 had ordered to built a palace. This palace is called the Killa Arak. The ruins of the Killa Arak extend from Delhi to Mecca gate.
The Killa Arak has 4 entrances and a Nakarkhana for musicians. The Dabar hall and the Jumma Masjid are the only remains which are of some interest.
When Nizam Ali Khan was at Aurangabad, he occupied the Naukonda Palace. The whole building is in ruins now. The palace consists of 5 zananas. It also consists a Dewan-i-Am, a Dewan-i-Khas, a masjid and a Kachari. Each section of the palace is provided with a garden and a water tank.
Paithan is a village in Aurangabad. It is located 56 km south of Aurangabad. It is the ancient capital of Satvahanas. The hamlet is famous for its 6 yards silk brocade sarees. The name of the saree is also Paithan.
Panchakki otherwise known as the water mill was built during the early years of the 17th century. The mill used to grind grains for the pilgrims. It was so designed that it generated energy through water which was brought from a spring on a mountain.
The Purwar Museum is a small museum situated in Sarafa road. The museum is housed in a fantastic old haveli. The museum has exquisite collections of a retired doctor. The personal collections of doctor Purwar is on display since the year 1970.
Shah Ganj Masjid
The Shah Ganj Masjid is one of the finest buildings to be seen in any part of India. The mosque is on a elevated platform. It has shops on 3 of the outer sides. The 4th is open and can be ascended through a flight of steps. The architecture style is Indo-Saracenic. The interior contain 24 pillars out of which 6 pillars are arranged in the form of a square.
The Siddjartj Garden is situated in the heart of the city. It is placed near the station road. The garden is spread over a large area and it has a green outlook.
The Sunheri Mahal was constructed by a Bandalkand chief who came with Auranzeb into the Dakhan. The Mahal is located in Paharsingpura, which is a suburb of Aurangabad. The structure is made of stone and lime. The Mahal has a high pedestal but it is now in dilapidations. The paintings in the Mahal were once painted of gold and so the name Sunheri Mahal.
Indians are charged Rs 10 and foreigners Rs 100 as entrance fee and the timings are from 8 am - 6 pm.