City : Barmer
Location : Western India
Language : Rajasthan, Hindi, English.
Time to Visit : August to March.
Know About Barmer
Barmer is tiny yet lively town in desert - drenched sands, Barmer is a miniature Rajasthan with all its colour, warmth and tradition.
Once called Mallani (12th century AD) the present Barmer district, formed in 1949 upon the merger of Jodhpur state in the United States of Great Rajasthan, is a cluster of ancient paraganas- Mallani Shiv, Pachpadra, Siwana and the Chohatan area.
Although a barren land with harsh climate and tough terrain, Barmer is known for its rich crafts, dances and music. Once on the ancient camel trade route, the town in now the centre for wood carving, pottery, carpets, intricate emboidery work, block printed fabrics and multi- hued traditional costumes.
One can witness the rural Rajasthan, the small villages with mud-walled houses decorated with delicate folk motifs and colourfully attired people on the way,While a trip to Barmer.
Every year in March, the desert town is at its colourfull best during the exuberant Barmer festival. The festival is the best time to plan a visit to Barmer.
History Of Barmer
A city that traces its origins to the 12th century. Once you're mounted on the ancient camel route; adventurous barren land and rough terrain surrounding the town wait to the explored.
Barmer is located at [show location on an interactive map] 25.75° N 71.38° E. It has an average elevation of 227 metres (744 feet). The total area of Barmer district is 28387 km². The whole district lies between 24°58' - 26°32' N and 70°5' – 72°52'. On its north is Jaisalmer, to the south is Jalore, and Pali and Jodhpur are to the east. Pakistan is 270 km to the west.
Barmer district is 3,727 ft (1,136 m) above sea level and 22 km in length. The longest river in the district is the Luni. It is 480 km in length and drain into the Gulf of Kutch passing through Jalore. The variation in temperature in various seasons is quite high. In summers the temperature soars to 46 °C to 48 °C. In winters it drops to 5 °C (41 °F). Primarily Barmer district is a desert where average rainfall in a year is 277 mm. However, extreme rainfall of 549 mm rain between August 16 and August 25, 2006 left many dead and huge losses. As many as 20 new lakes formed, and 6 covered an area of over 10 km².
If you want to visit a place where you will get the entire Rajasthan in your palms, Barmer village is an ideal destination to spend a day of your holiday tour. Barmer is one of the most famous rural destination in Rajasthan. Situated at 153 km south of Jaisalmer, the small town of Barmer is a huge bag of handicrafts items - wood carving, carpets, embroidery, blockprinting, terracotta, silver filigree and the list is endless. Although being the mirror image of Rajasthan, this sun-bathed town doesnot boast of any colossal fort (and hence the name doesn't end as 'pur'), but here one can experience a completely different taste of this desert state; peaceful, small villages, their mud-walled houses decorated with geometric designs. Take a tour of Barmer to see a rural destination that has been immersed in antiquated colour, warmth and tradition. Barmer derives its name from Bahada Rao (popularly known as a Bar Rao), who founded the district in the 13th century and named it as Bahadamer or "The Hill Fort of Bahada", which forms the majot attraction of the village.
Perched on a rocky hill, the town has ruins of an old fort. Of interest are a temple dedicated to Balark (the Sun) and the ancient ruins of Juna Barmer. The three Jain temples, an incription of 1295 AD and a maassive pillar in the hall of the largest temple of Maharaja Kula Sri Samanta Sinha Deva, a ruler of Bahadmera (now, Barmer) are also worth a visit.
Situated on the foot of a hill near village Hathma in Barmer tehsil is Kiradu.
The incription dating back to 1161 AD reveals that the place was called Kiratkoop and had once been the capital of Punwars. The ruins of five ancient temples-one dedicated to Lord Vishnu and other four dedicated to Lord Shiva are of interest to archaeologists and art lovers, alike. The biggest of these temples is the Someshwar Temple.
Rao Siha, the founder of the Rathore clan along with his son (Asthanji) conquered Khed from the Guhil Rajputs and planted the standard of Rathores.
An old Vishnu temple of Ranchhriji is surrounded by a crumbling wall and an image of Garuda (the eagle) at the gate guards the complex.
Once a principal state of Mallani, this ancient village has got its name from the descendants of a Rathore sub-clan. A Jain temple and a Hindu temple are worth visiting. The Hindu temple is ornamented with fine sculptures, which were brought from a Jain temple of Lord Mahavir.
Once called Viranipur, this 12trh century village lies on the slope of a hill called Nagar - Ki - Bhakarian, 9km away from Baltra. The village has three Jain temples. The biggest of these is the one dedicated to Nakoda Parsvanath. A Vishnu Temple is also worth visiting.
Air : Nearest airport , Jodhpur
Rail : Connected with Jodhpur. Some important train connectins are : 4808 Barmer Express, 4898 Barmer Express.
Road : Rajasthan State Road Transport Coorporaion connects Barmer with all major cities in the state.