City : Barrackpure
Location : Eastern India
Language : Bengali
Know About Barrackpure
Barrackpore sub-division, under District of North 24 Parganas in the state of West Bengal, is an old and famous administrative territory of India, populated by people from almost all provinces of India. The town was a military and administrative center under British rule, and was the scene of several acts of rebellion against Britain during the 19th century. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority.
The earliest references to the Barrackpore region are found in the writings of the Greek navigators, geographers, chronicles and historians of the 1st century BC to the 3rd century A.D. These authors generally referred to the country of a people variously called the Gangaridae, Gangaridai, Gandaritai etc.
By the 15th and 16th century, Chanak and the other towns in the region became populous river towns. The Statistical Account of Bengal by W.W. Hunter in 1857 mentions the towns and villages of this subdivision on the banks of the Hooghly river as chief trading and marketing centres: "On The Hugli- Calcutta , the chief seat of commerce in India. ..Baranagar, Dakhineswar, Agarpara, Panihati, Sukchar. Khardah, Barrackpur, Nawabganj, Ichapore, Samnagar, Naihati and Halisahar contain large bazaars for sale of miscellaneous goods."
Under the Mughal Empire, Bengal was divided into Circars, or administrative subunits, each of which was ruled over by a Mahal. The name "Barbuckpur", another name for Barrackpore, is associated with a Mahal in the Ain-e-Akbari. From the 1600s, the area was ruled over by a line of Zamindars from the Nona Chandanpukur, Barrackpore family. The earliest of these zamindars was Kalidas Sarkar, who was followed by his son and grandson, Bishwambhar Sarkar and Nilmoni Sarkar, respectively. The last ruling zamindar was Amulyaratan Sarkar, who died in the 1960s, several decades after the 'zamindari pratha' was abolished by the British. The old 'Sarkar Bari', a large brick red brick house with ramparts which was the home of the zamindars, is still standing in Barrackpore.
Barrackpore is located in the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta region in the North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal state. The city is about 23 km from Kolkata (previously Calcutta), and 115 km from the border with Bangladesh.
The city is on the eastern bank of the river Ganges.
The subdivision is served by road, rail and air transport. Moreover, it enjoys the benefit of the Hooghly river, which flows through the western part of this subdivision. The presence of the river paved the way for the establishment of a large number of industries on its banks early in India's industrial development, including jute, engineering, paper, and cotton mills. Barrackpore has also traditionally had a strong small scale cottage industry and handicraft sector.
Agriculture is the main base of the subdivision's economy, with a variety of crops being produced. Floriculture, pisciculture and horticulture have also flourished to a large extent. Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute has been established at Barrackpore to promote production of fishes mainly in ponds and rivers. A well developed irrigation system has been constructed in the subdivision to promote agriculture. Low interest loans have also been used to encourage the expansion of farming and the development of agricultural infrastructure.
Barrackpore sub-division is divided into 16 Municipalities and 2 Blocks. These are administered by a Cantonment board and municipal chairmen. Rural areas are administered by 'Gram Panchayats' (Village Committees), which are elected every five years. The sub-division contains eleven Assembly Constituencies and two parliamentary constituencies.
The only Military Cantonment and Police Training Academy in West Bengal are both located in Barrackpore.
Barrackpore is also the seat for the Sub-Divisional Court of Northern 24 Parganas District
Roads and transport
The Barrackpore sub-division is well connected both by road and railways. With the two National Highways, NH-34 and NH-35, and several major State Highways passing through the area, most towns are well connected with Kolkata, its airport and port, and other important urban and commercial centres of the state. The only International Airport in West Bengal, Netaji Subhas International Airport at Dum Dum, is located in the sub-division. Transport up and down the Hooghly river is available by ferry.
The Barrackpore Trunk Road (B. T. Road), one of the oldest metal roads in India, connects Barrackpore to Kolkata. The Ghoshpara Road connects the city of Barrackpore with Kanchrapara, a town on the boundary of the subivision, and goes on to link Barrackpore with the adjacent district of Nadia.
Heritage and culture
Barrackpore was home to a number of significant members of the Indian independence movement, many of whom have memorials in the subdivision. He has a memorial in the subdivision. Another significant leader of the movement who lived in Barrackpore is Rastraguru Surendra Nath Bandyopadhaya, who was called the father of Indian Nationalist Movement. The house of Surendranath at Monirampur of Barrackpore has now been converted to Rastraguru Surendranath Institute and Netaji Open University. Gandhi also spent time in the area, and the famous Gandhi Ghat is located on the west bank of the Hooghly. A Gandhi museum nearby has rare collection of books, articles used by Gandhi.
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyaya, the author of India's national song Vande Mataram, was born at Naihati, in Barrackpore subdivision. Vande Mataram is credited to him. Another noted literary figure of the post independence era, Samaresh Basu, also hailed from Naihati. His noted work 'Ganga' vividly depicts the life of the fishermen of the Hooghly (Ganges) rivers.
Earlier in the area's history, noted Bengali author Bharat Chandra Ray Gunakar lived at Mulajore . He is famous for his 'Annadamangal Kavya' written in the medieval period.
The subdivision is inhabited by people from a broad range of cultures, with people of various religions, customs, castes and states living together. Mandirs, Masjids, Gurdwara, ashrams and churches coexist there.
The Durga puja a festival held annually in the autumn, is the major festival in the area. There is a monthlong fair in December-January(Bengali month of Pousha) at the temple of goddess Kali at Shyamnagar on the bank of Ganges.
A famousKali Sadhak (Saint devoted to Kali), Ramprasad Sen, who authored many religious songs, was born at Halisahar in this subdivision. The towns of Panihati and Khardaha are also famous for having been visited by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu some 500 years ago. Annual festivals and melas are held at these places and draw large numbers of devotees. Later on these places were further enriched with presence of Sri Ram Krishna Paramahansa, Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore, and Mahatma Gandhi.
For entertainments, there is one good theatre hall "Sukanta Sadan" (named after the revolutionary poet Sukanta Bhattacharya) in the main town Barrackpore. There are many cinema halls in Barrackpore and ita adjacent loaclities. There is a very beautiful park "Sahid Mangal Pandey Uddan" facing the Ganges at Barrackpore. The famous "Gandhi Ghat" is also situated in Barrackpore town, on the bank of Ganga river. "Gandhi Ghat" and its adjacent "Jawahar Udhyan" are very popular place for picnics and short getaway trips.
(Khardaha), and various social and cultural organizations.
Barrackpore is home to numerous schools, colleges and madrashas. The world famous schools of Ramakrishna Mission, Rahara,Ramkrishna vivekananda mission, Barrackpore, Ramakrishna Mission Baranagar, Barrackpore Govt. High School are situated here. A number of high schools in the district have a history of performing well in national standardized testing. Among the colleges located in Barrackpore are Barrackpore Rastraguru Surendranath College, Mahadevananda Mahavidyalaya, BKC College Bonhooghly, Bhairab ganguly College, and Panihati College. The district also has 2 engineering colleges, several polytechnic institutes and an international boarding school, Adamas international School.
Dr. B. N. Bose (S.D.) Hospital, is an advanced diagnostic and treatment facility in Barrackpore run by the West Bengal Govt. Both in-door and out-door patients receive treatment here and it serves a large population of the North 24 Parganas Dist. The Army base in Barrackpore, maintains a hospital primarily for military and Central (Indian) Government employees. There are also numerous physicians who do private practise - notable among them are Dr. Ananada Talapatra, Dr. Saibal Adhikary, Dr. H.S.Pathak, Dr. T.K.Mitra, Dr. Madhushudan Samanta, Dr. Sadananda Guha, Dr. Chanchal Saha(Gyno), Dr. Jaysree Aich(Gyno), Dr K.G.Ghosh(dermatologist), Dr.Avik Bandyopadhyay(cardiologist), and Dr. N.G.Ghosh (Dentist).