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Betul

City : Betul
Location : Central India
Language : Hindi


Know About Betul

Betul is a city and a municipality in Betul district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative center of Betul District located in southern Madhya Pradesh. It forms the southernmost part of the Bhopal Division.


History of Betul


According to history, Betul was the center of Gond kingdoms. In 1398, these kingdoms engrossed all the hills of Gondwana and adjacent countries. In 1418, Sultan Hoshang Shah of Malwa invaded Kherla, and reduced it to a dependency. After nine years the raja rebelled to assert his independence, he was finally subdued and deprived of his territories. In 1467 Kherla was seized by the Bahmani sultan but was afterwards restored to Malwa.

After a century Malwa was incorporated into the dominions of the emperor of Delhi. In 1743 Raghoji Bhonsle the Maratha ruler of Berar, annexed it to his dominions. In 1818, the Marathas ceded this district to the East India Company as payment for a contingent. By the treaty of 1826 it was formally incorporated into the British possessions. The district was then administered as part of the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories. Betul District was part of the province`s Nerbudda Division. Detachments of British troops were stationed at Multai, Betul and Shahpur to cut off the retreat of Appa Sahib, the Maratha general, and a military force was quartered at Betul until June 1862.


Geography

Betul is located at [show location on an interactive map] 21.92° N 77.9° E.[1] It has an average elevation of 658 metres (2158 ft). betul itself is the most devoleped place in the district amla is no longer hold the place betul is well connected with most part of india by railway betul is situated on delhi- chenni main railway line and also well connected by network of road transport. At BARSALI a stone laid is GEOGRAPHICAL CENTRE POINT OF INDIA(mention - ASHISH TIWARI, Betul).



Etymology

Betul derives its name from the small town of Betul Bazar, about 5 km south of the present city which was the district's headquarter. In 1822 the District Headquarter was shifted to the present place which was a village called Badnur at that time. The literal meaning of Betul is "without (be) cotton (tool)". It was the last point of cotton growing area. This district contains the most developed town Amla, which is a tehsil too, while others are less developed. It is a town surrounded by hills from all sides and was used by the British for exportation of coal and that's why they established a railway station in the early 1910s. Presently it is serving as a connecting junction for railways i.e. it is the only access to the Chhindwara District via rail. This place as well is the center of Vivek Ji's, one of the devoted organisation Ananda Hi Ananda, and he organised his first shivir in the district. Then it follows to Amla and Multai.Betul is famous for Teak (Tectona Grandis) Conservator of Forests, Betul


Culture

Betul bazaar has witnessed the peaceful coexistence of different religions and cultures. There is a mosque presumed to be built by Aziz clan. Sheikh Hakim hanafi, a member of that clan still practices medicine at Betul bazaar. Aziz clan held a prominent position in preindependence era. Another famous family attached to Betul bazzar is that of Sam Verma, who held the local people in awe by flying a private jet.

 

Flora of Betul

The main timber species of Betul forest is Teak. The other trees found in abundance are Haldu, Saja, Dhaoda etc. There are also many medicinal plants in the district. The minor forest produce of commercial importance are Tendu leaves, Chironji, Harra and Amla.