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Bhagalpur

City : Bhagalpur
Location : North India
Language : Hindi, Urdu, Angika, Bhojpuri, Magahi, Maithili.


Know About Bhagalpur


Bhagalpur, the city of eastern Bihar, is famous worldwide for its silk production. The city has major road and rail connections and trades in agricultural produce and cloth. Major industries include rice and sugar milling and woolen weaving. The silk industry in this city is hundreds of years old. There is also a Silk Institute and Agricultural college here, as well as a University, and Engineering, Medical and Homeopathy colleges. The language used in Bhagalpur is Angika, one the oldest languages of the World.

Bhagalpur is one of the oldest districts of Bihar located in the Southern region. It is situated in the plane of Ganga basin at height Of 141 feet above sea level. It covers an area of 2569.50 sq. km. It Lies between 25o-07 - 25o30' N Latitude and between 86o 37 ' - 87o 30 'E longitude. The district is surrounded by Munger, Khagaria, Madhepura, Purnea, Kathiar & Banka districts of Bihar and Godda & Sahebganj districts of Jharkhand.

 

History

References to Bhagalpur can be found in Indian epics like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata where Bhagalpur has been described as the kingdom of Anga. Mandar Hill, situated 52 km south from Bhagalpur, is believed to have been used as Churner during Samudra-Manthan by God and Danav according to Hindu mythology. Ancient cave sculptures of Emperor Ashoka's regime are found in the neighbourhood and at Sultangunj, 20 km west of Bhagalpur, a temple of the Gupta period still exists.

The tomb of Suja, brother of Moghul emperor Aurangzeb, in the heart of the town is reminiscent of the city's association with the Mughal period. Ruins of ancient Vikramshila University are located 44 km east of Bhagalpur. It was the medieval centre to the conservation and propagation of Buddhist education, established by King Dharampal of Bengal at the end of the 8th century.

 

Geography

Bhagalpur is a divisional town of historical importance situated on the southern bank of the Ganga river. Situated 220km east of state capital Patna and 410 km north west of Calcutta is well connected by rail and road.

The Gangetic plains are very fertile and the main crops include rice, wheat, maize, barley, and oilseeds. The economy of Bhagalpur is dependent mainly on agriculture and silk (Interactive map of Bhagalpur)

 

Attraction

Mandar Hill
A small hill about 50 km from Bhagalpur is a good sightseeing. Every year on 14 Jan & (14 April on the ocasion of Bisua) there is a very big fair on the occasion of Makar Sankarnti. This hill is the very same hill which was used for the Sagar Manthan. You can see the marks of the snake around the hill used for mathan. Foot prints of Lord Vishnu can also be seen on this hill. The most attracting feature of the hill is the lake at its peak. This place can be reached by a taxi or by train (thrice a day from Bhagalpur Jn).

Madhusudan Temple
A sacret temple of Lord Vishnu near Mandar Hill situated at small Town Bounsi (Balisa Nagar). It is a great soul of Mass.

Shive Mandir & Masjit
It is situated at Bounsi. It is a great sample / example of Hindu Muslim unity because of the wall of both Shiv Mandir & Masjid is common. There is no other example of Unity And communial harmoni.

Chandan Dam
This project is situated 30 Km from Bounsi (Madhusudan Temple) this is a great source of water to farm on land.

Vikramashila
Founded in the latter part of the eight century A.D by Dharmapala, the Buddhist University of Vikramashila is loacted at the famous Patharghat Hill on the right bank of the Ganga, about 38 kilometers to the southeast of Bhagalpur. No early account of this monastic university is however, extant, nor has it been mentioned in Pali or Sanskrit literature. All that is know about it today is that it was patronized by the Pala Kings who helped the University of Nalanda too, though not on the same scale as they did in the case of Vikramashila. For a number of years this university was a well known center of Tantricism. The university was destroyed before A.D 1206.


Transport

The District has following categories of roads:
1. National Highways
2. State Highways
3. District Roads
4. Rural Roads

National Highway 31 runs through the entire Naugachia Police District and subdivision. This highway connects the subdivisions directly to Patna via Begusarai and Khagaria and runs up to Guwahati via Purnea-Kishanganj. In addition, Mokama Farakka road has also declared as National Highway No. 81. It passes through Bhagalpur town and Kahalgoan.

The total length of P.W.D roads is 287 Kms. and R.E.O roads is 263 Kms. Because the district is flood prone, road in many areas are in poor condition. Many area in the Diara are inaccessible and has increased the sensitivity of the district for elections.

Railways
Bhagalpur lies on the broad gauge Loop line of the Eastern railway running from kiul to Burdwan. Important stations in this District on this line are Sultanganj, Bhagalpur, Sabour, Kahalgaon. A branch line runs from Bhagalpur to Mandar Hill (21 Kms.). North Bhagalpur is served by the Barauni-Katihar section of the North Eastern Frontier Railway. Narainpur, Bihpur, Naugauchia and Katihar Railway Stations lie on this line.