City : Bhiwandi
Location : Western India
Language : Marathi
Know About Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi is a city, in the district of Thane, in the western state of Maharashtra, in India, located 50 km to the north-east of Mumbai and 15 km to the north-east of Thane city. The exact location of Bhiwandi is 19.293831° N 73.065839° E.
Bhiwandi city, the headquarters of the taluka of Bhiwandi, comes under the administration of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation. The city is considered a part of the Greater Mumbai metropolitan agglomeration, along with Navi Mumbai and the cities of Kalyan, Thane, Ulhasnagar, Dombivli, Mira-Bhayandar, Karjat and the Vasai-Virar region. According to the 2001 census, the total population of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation area was 598,703.
The city of Bhiwandi, known for its textile industry, has the largest number of powerlooms in the country and is sometimes dubbed as 'The Manchester of India'. A major portion of the population is employed by the powerloom sector. The Mumbai-Agra highway(NH-3), passing through Bhiwandi ensures the smooth connectivity of the city with Mumbai, Thane, Nashik and the rest of India.
In the early twentieth century, Bhiwandi was a small town, inhabited by Maharashtrians and Konkani Muslims. The main occupation of the people at that time was agriculture, fishing and handlooms. With the advent of electricity, the handlooms began to be fast replaced by powerlooms. It became a hub of the textile industry in the 1930s. The credit for turning Bhiwandi into a textile city goes to one Haji Abdus Samad, an illiterate trader from Uttar Pradesh. "Sona becho aur loha kharido (sell gold and buy iron)" was his slogan.
Bhiwandi lies in the Konkan coastal lowlands. There are many hills surrounding Bhiwandi, which add to its scenic beauty. The average elevation is 24 m. The Vharala Devi Lake is the largest lake in Bhiwandi.
The city climate is hot tropical with above hundred degree heat in summers and high humidity. The winter period of October to April is the best to visit Bhiwandi. However the temperature is moderate through out the year but the proximity to the sea and high humidity would play spoil sport in outdoor activity.
The economy of Bhiwandi is mostly dependent on the powerloom industry. The decline of Mumbai's textile mills spurred the growth of the powerloom sector. In order to meet the demand for grey fabric, powerloom centres sprang up in various parts of the State. Textile and migrant workers came in droves to find work at these centres. Bhiwandi became the largest powerloom centre in the country. The State government estimates that over 40 lakh people are dependent directly or indirectly on the looms of Bhiwandi.
Bhiwandi is the `mother godown' for several industries and the nodal up-country booking and transit point for several goods transporters owing to the octroi benefits that can be availed of there. The biggest names in the pharma company have their godowns here.
Bhiwandi a city in western India has got its strategic importance being just 25 miles away from Mumbai, the financial capital of India. Being a part of India it has got a rich cultural, historical and mythological inheritage. A typical tropical climate being in a close proximity of seashore, a receptive and amicable attitude of Indians enhanced the concepts of tourism in this city.
The ample availability of low cost lands in the city which is very near to a metropolitan city like Mumbai leads to the planning and development of many water parks, theme parks and re-creational centers in Bhiwandi. The growth of these re-creational spots in recent times is combined well with the development of basic infrastructure in the area experienced a major boost in Bhiwandi Tourism.
A good network of wide roads, transport facilities, easy access to modern ways of communication, a good hide outs to refresh your mind and soul, a hospitality nature of local people, adaptation of new international tourism norms are making Bhiwandi a dream destination for the people of Mumbai for weekends. In fact the places like Bhiwandi have propelled the very basic concept of weekend vacations in Mumbai.
Bhiwandi People and Culture
Bhiwandi a city that shelters a major textile industry of Maharashtra is situated in a close proximity of Mumbai, a financial capital of India. As people from all corners of India are pouring in Mumbai day-by-day, naturally it has left a huge impact on the culture and community residing in Bhiwandi. Because of all people of different casts, creed and languages finding shelter in Bhiwandi the city has become a symbol of a typical diversified culture.
Two basic religions can be found here in Bhiwandi. One is Hindu, and another is Muslim. Though majority of the people are Hindu, the Muslims form a significant proportion of the population compared to other parts of Maharashtra. As the city was governed by Muslim rulers in ancient times and those Muslims settled in their petty coastal principalities here.
Today Bhiwandi is regarded as “Mecca of Kokani Muslims”. Earlier it is supposed that the initial name of Bhiwandi city was Nizampur. This was formed by Konkani Muslims and Maharashtrian non-muslims. "Kuwari, Faqih, Bubere, Moallim are some of the royal and original names of Muslims from the city.