Location : Eastern India
Language : Oriya
Know About Bhubaneswar
A thriving centre of art and culture, once the heart land of erstwhile Kalinga Kingdom, Bhubaneswar is presently renowned as the capital city of State of Orissa in India. Bhubaneswar, literally means the Lord (eswar) of the Universe (bhuban), is a hub of historic temples and the city is webbed with many concrete lanes. The present modern city of Bhubaneswar was established in 1946 which is designed by the world renowned German architect Otto Königsberger. The capital city, once known for its architecture and grand temples, is presently a thriving centre for commerce and business. Having blended very nicely its formidable past with its modern aspirations and facilities, it forms a part of the Golden Triangle of holy temple cities Puri and Konark.
Biju Patnaik Park
Biju Patnaik Park, dedicated to the great son and many time chief minister of Orissa, Biju Patnaik, was opened for public recently and is located in Berhampur.
The park, spreading over seven acres, is maintained by Berhampur Development Authority. It has a musical fountain, a floating mountain, very beautiful landscape and boating facilities for children. The local people frequently visit this park to spend their evenings and weekends which gives a lung space in the midst of busy city. The park is very nicely illuminated with decorated lamps.
There is a nominal entry fee for visitors. Entry is free for children below five years.
Bindu Sagar, also known as the Bindu Sarovara and Ocean Drop (Bindu means drop) Tank, is considered as a very sacred located near the famous temples in Bhubaneswar. A large number of temples surround this tank and it is believed that this sacred lake contains drops of water from every holy rivers, pools and tanks in India.
The famous Lingaraj Temple and Ananta Vasudeva temples are placed very close to Bindu Sagar. The ritual in the Lingaraja temple during the Ashokashtami festival consists of taking the main deity of the Lingaraj temple to the lake for a ritual bath. The devotees visiting the famous temples in Bhubaneswar make it a point to pay a visit to Bindu Sagar.
Brahmeswara Temple, an ancient temple assumed to be built in the 11th century, placed in a ground close to Bhubaneswar town surrounded by four smaller shrines. The main deity is a Shivaling, idols of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Shiva in his fierce form are also placed in the sanctum.
Brahmeswara Temple, constructed in Orisaa architectural style, is renowned for its artistic sculptures, especially for the sculptures in the tower and porch of the temple. Tantric related images are also placed inside this temple. The temple exterior walls are decorated with the carvings and figures of various Hindu gods and goddesses, religious scenes and some birds and animals.
The temple has many regular visitors and is a nice religious destination for tourists.
Dhauli Giri is historically an important place near Bhubaneswar. Dhauli Giri is adorned with a rock edict erected by the Great Emperor Ashoka of Maurya Dynasty. It was here in the plains the gruesome battle of Kalinga War and afterwards the remorse of the king had taken place. After the war Ashoks renounced all bloody battles, embraced Buddhism and became an ambassador of non violence. The edict here inscribes many of Ashoka’s preaching.
The edict in Dhauli Giri, installed in an ancient time dating back to 3rd century, is preserved remarkably. Dhuali Giri presently bears the symbols of Buddhism with the universal symbol of Lord Buddha, the sculpted elephant topping the rock edict. This is a good tourist destination for historians and peace lovers.
The ISKCON Temple, with deities of Krishna, Blaram, Gaura Nithai, Subhadra and Jagannath, is located in the heart of the Bhubaneswar city. ISKCON movement is very prominent in Bhubaneswar with activities surrounding over two ISKCON centers, one in the Swarga Dwara area, and the other in the outskirts of the city. For the devotees of Krishna and Radha, the Universal symbol of love, a new Radha-Krishna temple is constructed nearby to ISKCON temple. Daily Bhajans and Poojas are offered in this ISKCON temple.
The Lingaraj Temple, an ancient temple built dating back to 7th century, is a majestic monument of Oriyan architectural style and craftsmanship. The temple, a massive structure of 147 feet high, is enclosed by fortified walls and is surrounded by many ancient small shrines. It is believed that the construction of the temple took place a long period during the rule of three dynasties. This beautifully and elaborately carved lofty tower is a special attraction of the temple.
The Unique feature and identity of the temple is the main deity, a Swayambhu Linga, a merge of Half Vishnu and Half Shiva. The temple encloses a Shivling placed in a pancha-ratha sanctum, a hall for offering and other two halls used for dancing and other activities related to the temple. The annual chariot festival conducted during the month of April is a major draw.
Mukteswara Temple, a 10th century old monument, a real specimen of ancient and modern Kalinga School of architecture, blended perfectly in construction. The temple is located in the heart of Bhubaneswar city.
The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is renowned for its beautiful carvings and exquisite sculptural works. The complicated carvings in the temple walls and halls show a mixture of artistic styles of Hindu, Jain and Buddhist. The temple is credited with a richly adorned stone arch at the entrance; an architectural marvel in the ancient past. The temple is a massive structure of 35 ft high and is a marvel in sandstone. The temple walls are decorated with legendary stories from the Panchatantra and sculptural designs of many animals including elephants, lions and monkeys.
This is a nice religious destination to visit and offer prayers and also to see the ancient Oriyan architectural styles.
Nandankanan Zoo, located in the midst of greenish environment of Chandaka Forest, has credited with some rare species of animals. Nandankanan is composed of a botanical Garden, a sanctuary and a zoo and is in the shore of picturesque Kanjia Lake.
Nandankanan, literally means Garden of Heaven, was established during 1960 and declared open as a sanctuary and zoo in 1979. The spectacular animals in the zoo include the rare species of white tigers. The zoo is also a home to the Captive Gharial Crocodile breeding center, first in the country.
The sanctuary is habitat to many rare and endangered species of wild animals such as, lion-tailed macaque, black panthers and many other types of animals. Facilities for boating and forest safaris are available in this zoo. July to October is good for visit in this zoo.
Orissa State Museum
Exhibiting a rich and invaluable collection of archaeological objects, art and craft objects, natural history objects, Bronze Age tools and stone sculptures, Orissa State Museum offers a memorable visit for nay of its visitors. The museum was established in 1948 and show cases many other items also, like bronze images, traditional and folk musical instruments, coins, copper plates, prehistoric objects, ethnological objects and armory.
Orissa State Museum is well known and famed to glory its huge collection of manuscripts on palm-leaves. A palm leaf manuscript of 12th century devotional poem Gita Govinda is available in this museum.
The museum is open for public on all days except Mondays and public holidays. Timing 10:00 to 17:00 hrs.
Parashurameswar Temple, a small but marvelously decorated shrine of Lord Shiva, is assumed to be one of the oldest temples in Bhubaneswar and is constructed in 650 A. D. The temple is a specimen of the architectural styles of Oriyan temples. The temple has verdant sculptures of animals, amorous couples and floral designs. The outer walis adorned with beautiful carvings of Lord Ganesh, Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati, Lord Muruga and other Hindu Gods. There are also many beautiful carvings depicting Puranic stories.
Raj Rani Temple
Raj Rani Temple, an 11th century ancient temple, is spectacular with the unique feature of the absence of presiding deity. The temple is built with red gold sandstones known as rajrani locally and hence the name of the temple Raj Rani Temple. No pujas are offered here.
The temple is famous for its architectural marvel; superbly elaborated temple tower is renowned for the artistic spires. Spotted with stylish and dynamically animated sculptures, the temple has beautiful carvings and figures of females in passionate forms, or occupied in actions such as looking in mirrors, holding children and playing with birds. The temple encloses verdant sculptures of Shiva, Kubera, Vayu, Varuna, Nirriti, Yama, Agni and Indra.
Tribal Museum in Bhubaneswar is a much sought place by enthusiast tourists with interest in tribal life styles and cultures. Tribal Museum, located in the back side of the Jagannath Temple at Koraput in Orissa, showcases a good collection of stone sculptures, metal objects and images, wooden objects, anthropological objects, jewelry, textiles and terracotta. A small informative library and a small but elegant zoo are also operated inside the museum.
The museum functions on all days except for the National holidays and the visiting time is from 10 00 hrs to 17 00 hrs.
Vaital Deul Temple
Vaital Deul Temple, situated near Bindu Sarovar, is a Tantric temple constructed during the eight century. The temple belongs to an offshoot of Kalinga School, the Khakhara order. The main deity is Chamunda, the Tantric form of Goddess Durga. Chamundi Devi is depicted with bright red tounge which is protruded out and wearing a necklace with skulls adorning it.
Vaital Temple is renowned for its striking feature of the deul, means tower, with rectangular shape and also for the sculptural beautification of the temple walls and tower. The temple is believed to be the major center for Tantric worship and training. The temple showcases a style of worshipping with a mix of elements from particular sects of Buddhism and Hinduism.