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Bidar

City : Bidar
Location : Southern India
Language : Kannada, Telugu

Know About Bidar

Located in Bidar district, in the northern most part of Karnataka, Bidar town was the ancient capital of the Bahmani rulers during the 15th century. It is located at 2,200 feet above sea level on a plateau overlooking the Manjira river valley. Bidar also has several religious centres including the famous Nanak Jheera, which is the largest Sikh temple in Karnataka.

The main attraction is the Bidar Fort, which was built in the 8th century and later renovated again in the 14th century. One can still see the ruins of the bastions and gates, royal baths and kitchens, audience halls, and pleasure pavilions. The Solah Khamba Mosque, built in 1327, is another prominent structure inside the fort. Other attractions include the Gagan Mahal, the Diwan-e-Am (the public Audience

 

History

Bidar was the capital of the Bahmani kings from 1428 till it later passed into the hands of the Barid Shahi dynasty. There are some beautiful specimens of typical Muslim art and architecture here.

Fragments of old colourful mosaics, grand old tombs of the Bahmani and Barid kings and an impressive 15th century fort that still encircles the town give Bidar its days-of-yore charm. It is a quiet place and not on most tourist itineraries.

Bidar is famous for being the place where Bidriware, a form of silver filigree art, originated. Bidriware is silver filigree done in Islamic motifs and set against a dark background of blackened zinc, tin, copper and lead to create the most striking ashtrays, boxes, bangles and such.

Near Bidar is the town of Gulbarga, which was the Bahmani capital before the honour shifted to Bidar. The old fort at Gulbarga still stands, as do some beautiful mausoleums and mosques.

 

Attraction

Guru Nank Jhira, Bidar
Gurudwara Bidar is one of Holiest Place for Sikhs. Every Year this place attracts lots of tourists from all parts of the country particularly during the months of November and March. Legend has it that Saint Guru Nanak visited the place while the land was in the grip of a famine The Guru performed a miracle at the request of the locals and a spring of water from the laterite rock mountain burst out. Till this day crystal clear water flows from the laterite trap. The belief is that drinking of this water cures many ailments.

Papnash Shiva Temple at Bidar
As per the local traditional saying, the Shiva Linga idol in this temple is one of those installed by Shri RAM during the time of his journey back from Lanka. The location of the temple in a valley is mesmerising to the eyes. Every year at the time of Shivrathri festival lot of tourists visit this place. A natural spring flows into a pond in front of the temple which is called 'Papnasha'

Narshimha Jhira Water Cave Temple
At this place the Powerful diety as per the belief here is situated in cave of nealy 300 meters. One has to wade through water upto chest height to have darshan of the diety. It will be thrilling experience with bats and owls sitting on the roof toop of cave but they will not do any harm to the devotees. In the year 1999 with efforts of an young IAS Officer Mr. M Maheswar Rao who was working as Assistant Commissioner and was incharge of this temple committee got the cave Air conditioned and Electrified.

Dev DeV Vana (Botanical Garden)
An Eco Tourism center 6 KM away from Bidar town on Bidar - Hyderbad Highway. With more than 200 medicinal plants, this vana is believed to be something of a unconventional temple of plants.

Veerbhadreshewar Jatra's at Humnabad & Changlare
Two very ancient temples of Lord Veerbhadreshwara in Humnabad Taluk one at Humnabad and one at Changlara village attract lakhs of tourists in the Month of January and November respectively for the yearly Jatra and cart pulling Mohotsav's. The temple at Humnabad constructed in 1725 is famous for its moving pillar.

Manik Prabhu Temple at Humnabad
It attracts lots of tourists in the Month of December at the time of Annual Celebrations. On the same occasion every year a Night long Classical Musical function will be held and till now the likes of Bhimsen Joshi, Zakir hussain and many others have come here for this annual jatra mahotsav.


The main attraction is the Bidar Fort, which was built in the 8th century and later renovated again in the 14th century. One can still see the ruins of the bastions and gates, royal baths and kitchens, audience halls, and pleasure pavilions.

The Solah Khamba Mosque, built in 1327, is another prominent structure inside the fort.

Other attractions include the Gagan Mahal, the Diwan-e-Am (the public Audience Hall) where the fabulous turquoise throne once rested, the Takhat Mahal, the Royal Pavilion, and the Naubat Khana.

There is also the Madrassa of Mahmud Gawan and the Chowbara, which is a 71 feet-tall tower, located at the heart of the town from where one can see the entire city.


Activities

Visit Basavakalyana, 80 km away, the capital of the Kalyana Chalukyas and an ancient centre of culture and learning. Humnabad (50 km) is a famous pilgrimage place for the Hindus.

Located in Bidar district, in the northern most part of Karnataka, Bidar town was the ancient capital of the Bahmani rulers during the 15th century. It is located at 2,200 feet above sea level on a plateau overlooking the Manjira river valley. Bidar also has several religious centres including the famous Nanak Jheera, which is the largest Sikh temple in Karnataka.

 

How To Reach

By Air
Rajiv Gandhi International Terminal, Shamshabad, Hyderabad is Just 150 Kms away from Bidar District Head Quarters. Its just 3 hours drive from the airport to Bidar on NH9 till Zaheerabad and a diversion of 30 KMs after Zaheerabad.

By Rail
Rail facility is available from Bangalore and Hyderbad. Bangalore - Nanded Link Express Via Bidar, Departure from Bangalore at 9.50 PM. Secundrabad - Manmad Express from Hyderbad Departure at 6 PM from Secundrabad Station, Hyderbad. Hyderbad - Aurangabad Express from Kachiguda weekly thrice. One can also take Udyan express or KK Express from Bangalore reach Gulbarga and take a bus from there, its 105 KMS from Gulbarga.

By Road
From Bangalore many Govt Luxury Buses of KSRTC ply daily via Hyderbad, Its 16 hours journey from Bangalore via Hyderabad on NH 7 and NH 9. From Bangalore Via Gulbarga and Bellary its 20 hours journey. From Hyderbad Imaliban bus stand for every 15 minutes a Bus to Bidar is available from Plat form No 36.