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Bokaro

City :Bokaro
Location : Eastern India
Language : Hindi, Magadhi, Magahi, Urdu, Bengali (Khortha), Kurmali, Maithili, English, Bhojpuri, Santhali & Murmu
Best Season : September to February



Know About Bokaro


Bokaro Steel City pronunciation, Asia's largest labour colony[citation needed] is the home of one of the largest steel plant in India, and several other medium and small industries. It is the district headquarters of the Bokaro district as well as Bokaro divisional range (Bokaro, Dhanbad and Giridih).

Situated on the Chhota Nagpur Plateau, the vast rolling topography of the city is typical, strewn by graded valleys and winding streams. In this setting, within a short period of two decades, a new city with a strong multi-dimensional economic base, has blossomed into a regional urban centre of around 1,100,000 people drawn from different parts of the country, giving the city the character of Mini India.

 


History

Formerly there was a sleepy village named Maraphari deep in the jungles of ChotaNagpur. The closest village cluster was Chas. Purulia was the closest town and the area was ruled by the Maharaja of Kashipur. Folk lores have it that this area came under Mughal rule by the conquests of Man Singh. The region was named ManBhoom after him (VeerBhoom and SinghBhoom are the neighbouring regions also named after him, Veer Man Singh).

 

Geography

Bokaro is located in the eastern part of India at [show location on an interactive map] 23.29° N 86.09° E[1] It is located in picturesque surroundings on the southern bank of river Damodar with Garga, one of its tributaries meandering along the southern and eastern outskirts of the city. On the north, the city is flanked by the high ranges of the Parasnath Hills and on the south just beyond the river Garga, it is enveloped by the Satanpur hillocks. Two artificial cooling ponds have been built for use in steel making. A dam on river Garga has been built to supply water to the township as well as the steel plant, but due to ever increasing demand Tenughat dam is supplementing it.

 

Attraction

Bokaro Steel Plant
Bokaro Steel Plant( [show location on an interactive map] 23°40'16?N 86°06'16?E? / ?23.671136, 86.104531[4]) is one of the largest steel mills in the country, with an output capacity of more than five million tonnes of salable steel. The plant also has a captive power plant, now being run by Bokaro power Supply Company Ltd.,

Garga Dam
Garga Dam is situated near Bokaro Steel City (about 12 km from city center). It is a famous picnic spot for the denizens of Bokaro. Lustrous green surroundings and variety of aquatic habitat residing in and around Garga Dam lures the school excursions and biological expeditions to this place. This dam is constructed for the use of steel plant as well as for the water supply for its people.

Parashnath Hills
Parasnath Hills are a range of hills located in Giridih district of Jharkhand. The highest peak is 1350 metres. It is one of the most important pilgrimage centre for Jains. They call it Sammet Sikhar. The hill is named after Parasnath, the 23rd Tirthankara. Twenty of the twenty-four Jain Tirthankaras attained salvation on this hill. According to some, nine Tirthakaras attained salvation on this hill.

Bokaro Ispat Pustakalaya
Located near Bokaro Hotel, it has a collection of over 40,000 books (including some valuable manuscript) that meets the reading requirements of the people in the township. It is managed by the management of the steel plant.

City Centre, Sector-4
The city center is the main shopping district of the city. Recent years have seen it grow more than threefold in size. The difference of this market and most other major markets in Indian cities happens to be the planning of the market. There is ample parking space, and the approach roads, as well as those inside the market are wide. The place houses almost all major Indian banks, has the best shops in the city for clothing, electronics, and the best food joints. You can find anything from a needle to a car in the market.

Buddha Vihar
This pious place is located in Sector-IV/D. This is the single place in Bokaro for the Buddhists religious gathering.

Gayatri Mandir
Located in Sector-9/A. People use to visit the place during the morning and evening time for the daily prayer. Navmi puja at Gayatri mandir is also famous. Khichri is distributed as the prasad on the occasion of Navmi puja.

Aaiyappa Mandir
Located in Sector-5, it is an important social, cultural and religious meeting place for people from the South.

Ram Mandir
Located in the Sector-1/C is the most famous mandir dedicated to Lord Ram and smaller other mandirs encircling it dedicated to other gods and goddesses. The Ram Mandir market is also famous for its coffee house, batata poori, chat, samosa, phuchka and famous egg-rolls. Ram Mandir houses one of the oldest markets of Bokaro. The airport is 1km from Ram Mandir.

Jagannath Temple
Located in Sector-4, the newly built Jagannath temple is an another attraction. The temple is a replica of the famous temple in Puri, Orissa.

Kali Mandir
Located in Sector-8, it is one of the oldest temples of the city. As the name suggests, the temple is dedicated to one of the incarnations of Shakti, Goddess Kali. Besides the religious activities it is also a major socializing place for the Bengalis of the city. The temple organizes an annual painting competition attended by hundreds of students from the schools of the city.

City Park
Bokaro has a well maintained City Park with an artificial lake. Recently three artificial islands have also been added. These islands were designed in Japanese style. The park used to have some animals but they were all transferred to the Jawaharlal Botanical Garden in the early 90s. There is a small guest house that is used to host parties for visiting dignitaries. A small restaurant, Vasant Vihar stands at the eastern edge of the lake.

Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park
The biggest zoological garden in Jharkhand was built in the late 80s and early 90s. It has animals and birds from different parts of the world, with the big cats being the biggest attractions. The zoo came into limelight after multiple breedings of white tigers, royal bengal tigers, and the Asiatic lion over a short span of time.

Chas
Once a small grain trading hub of the region, this town first became famous during the Second World War when the British Government used it as a base to supply soldiers fighting on the eastern front against the Japanese. After the decision of Government of India to establish the Bokaro Steel Plant it gained in stature.

Siwandih
Its a suburb which houses a large number of migrants from Bihar living and working in the Steel plant. The area is situated in west part of Bokaro near railway station. The Garga Dam is nearby to this place. Azad Nagar is area in Siwandih two mosques are there in this area. One big Idgah is also in this area for Muslims prayer for ID and ID-Ul-Zuha. Popular neighborhoods in Siwandih are Bansgora, Islampur, Makhdumpur and Haisabatu.

Jainamore
A one of the 42 village in Jaridih block of Bokaro. It is around 7km away from the Bokaro Steel City railway station. Large number of displaced person from Asansol, Ravatdih, Mahuaar, Kanchnpur and Kundori are living and working in Steel Authority of Indian Ltd. It is on the NH-23.

Babudih
A village in Chas Block famous for 75 foot (23 m) high tower.

Pupunki Ashram
The last Kasba in the Bokaro Dhanbad route is Pupunki. The village, along with its fields and captive fishery ponds is squeezed between NH-32, Bokaro-Chandrapura Railway line and the Damodar river. Opposite to this village across the NH-32 is the pious Pupunki Ashram "The Multiversity".

Chandrapura
A town famous for Chandrapura Thermal Power Station, a unit of Damodar Valley Corporation. It was a big source of pollution for the adjoining areas owing to the coal based generators, but things changed after electrostatic precipitators were installed in the chimneys, and large scale afforestation was carried out. The town lies on the northern edge of perhaps the most polluted river in the world, the Damodar.

Tenughat
Headquarters of Bermo SubDivision, famous for Tenughat Dam and Tenughat Thermal Power Station.

Gawai Dam
A good picnic spot near Pindrajora on Purulia road. It is at a distance of 15 km from the city. The picnic spot is likable because of the flow of a stream due to leaving of water from the dam.

Pindrajora
Its a small village around 20 km from Bokaro. It hosts the only Primary Teachers Training College of Dhanbad & Bokaro. It also has a State Government Basic School and a Sarvodaya high School.