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Buldhana

City : Buldhana
Location : North India
Language : Punjabi



Know About Buldhana


It is believed that Buldhana, along with the rest of the erstwhile Berar province, was part of the legendary kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata. Berar also formed part of the Mauryan Empire during the reign of Asoka (272–231 BCE). Berar later came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE–2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6th centuries), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta dynasty (8th to 10th centuries), the Chalukyas again (10th to 12th centuries), and finally the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries.


History

It is believed that Buldhana, along with the rest of the erstwhile Berar province, was part of the legendary kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata. Berar also formed part of the Mauryan Empire during the reign of Asoka (272–231 BCE). Berar later came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE–2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6th centuries), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta dynasty (8th to 10th centuries), the Chalukyas again (10th to 12th centuries), and finally the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries. A period of Muslim rule began when Ala ud din Khilji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century.

The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the mid-14th century. The Bahmani Sultanate broke up into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572 Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahis ceded Berar to the Mughal Empire in 1595. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18th century, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad seized the southern provinces of the empire (including Berar) in 1724, forming an independent state.

In 1853, the district together with the rest of Berar came under the administration of the British East India Company. Berar was divided into East and West Berar with Buldhana district being included in West Berar. In 1903, Berar was leased by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the British Government of India.

 

Geography

The world heritage site of Lonar crater is located in Buldhana district. It is the second largest crater in the world.

The climate is tropical and people mostly wear cotton clothes.


Economy

Cotton, jowar and other cereals, oil seeds, soybean, sunflower and groundnut are the predominant crops grown in the district.

Khamgaon and Malkapur are the major cotton trading towns in the district. The district has many minor and medium size irrigation projects. The important ones are Nalganga and Vaan. There are thirteen Agriculture Produce Market Committees - Main Market, one each in every tehsil and twenty sub-markets in the districts

The district has major industrial areas at Khamgoan and Malkapur and has mini industrial areas at Chikhli, Buldhana, Dasarkhed, Deoulgaonraja, Mehkar, Sangrampur and Lonar.

Representation

The district contributes one seat at Lok Sabha namely Buldhana (Lok Sabha constituency). Anandrao Adsul of Shiv Sena is currently the MP from Buldhana. It has seven seats at Maharashtra State legislature assembly namely Malkapur, Buldhana, Chikhli, Sindhkheraja, Mehkar, Khamgaon and Jalamb.

 

Agriculture

The district superintending agriculture officer comes under Divisional Joint Director of Amravati Division. There are three subdivisions at Buldhana, Khamgaon and Mehkar with a taluka agriculture officer at each taluka.

There are multiple circles under each taluka. They are Dhad, Buldhana. Shelapur, Dhamangaon, Motala, Shelsur, Amdapur, Chikhali, Dharangaon, Malkapur, Janephal, Mehkar, Bibi, Lonar, Sakharkherda, Sindkhed Raja,Mera Khurd, Deulgaon Mahi, Deulgaon Raja, Ganeshpur, Pimpalgaon Raja (Khamgaon), Nandura, Shegaon, Jalgaon Jamod, Warwat Khanderao, Sangrampur.

 

Culture

Fair at Shegaon on Ram Navami in Chaitra lunar month of Hindu calendar (or Chaitra Masa Suklapaksha Navami).

The folk arts are Bhajan, Keertan and Gondhal.

Nihali language a language isolate of India, is spoken by some 2,000 people (1991) in the Buldana district of Maharashtra. Speakers are bilingual in Korku language, Hindi or Marathi language.

Youth Hostel Buldhana is one of two youth hostels in Maharashtra and is located near Zilla Crida Sankulan with a 50 bed dormitory and 5 double rooms.


Flora and fauna

Lonar Crater has very different flora and fauna in the vicinity. The Dnyanganga Sanctuary is situated in the district. There is good forest area in the sanctuary.

 

Attraction

Lonar, place of Lonar Crater, Lonar Lake and Lonar Sanctuary lies 90 km to the south
Ajanta caves, 50 km from the city
Sindkhed Raja, birthplace of Veer Mata Jijabai, mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji and palace of Lakhuji Jadhav, 100 km from the city
Chikhli, Temple of Shri Renuka Devi
Shegaon, also known as Pandharpur of Vidarbha, home to the Sant Gajanan Maharaj, 90 km distant
Mehkar, a famous Balaji Temple.
Deulgaon Raja, a famous Balaji Templ
Chikhli, the Durgah of Sailani Baba
Malegaon, Shri Bapuji Maharaj
Dnyanganga Sanctuary
Ambabarva Sanctuary
Nandura, the world's biggest Hanuman idol