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Chamarajanagar

City : Chamarajanagar
Location : South India
Language : Kannad, Telugu

Know About Chamarajanagar

Chamarajanagar is a district in southern Karnataka, India, bordering Erode District of Tamil Nadu and Wayanad District of Kerala. The district was created after the larger Mysore district was split into the new Mysore district and the current Chamrajnagar district.

The District capital is the city of Chamarajanagar. The administrative units of districts in south India are known as taluks. The taluks of Chamarajanagar include Chamarajanagar taluk, Yelandur taluk, Kollegal taluk, and Gundalpet taluk. Many languages are spoken within the district. Kannada being the state language of Karnataka, is the main language in Chamarajanagar district. Tamil is a minor language within the district but of great importance in many areas within the district. Kollegal taluk has a great deal of Tamils, and was originally part of the Tamil Nadu state, in the Salem District.

Chamarajanagar is known for a good extent of forest land within its boundaries. Hence, it has a very high population of forest-dwelling tribals - Soligas, Jenu Kurubas, Betta Kurubas. Most of these tribes inhabit the forest of B R Hills, Malai-Mahadeswara Hills, and Bandipur National Park. All of these are protected areas. These tribals all have their own dialect, usually with a strong Tamil influence.

Chamarajanagar is rich with religious sites of many religions. The temple in the MM Hills (Malemahadeshwara Betta) is probably the most famous one. The yearly car festival (jatre) at the MM Hills brings many devotees. It is situated within the MM Hills Reserve Forest, not very far from where the river Cauvery flows into Tamil Nadu.

The district has its share of natural beauty. Local people and devotees revel in the beauty of the temples of the BR Hills, a wildlife sanctuary and the MM Hills. Since, much of the southern area of the district is dense forest, it provided good refuge to the notorious brigand Veerappan, responsible for the death of over a hundred policemen. He was shot dead in an encounter with the specially formed Special Task Force (STF) in mid 2004, at Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. He had been on the run for several years.

There are many quarries in the district, all mining for the valuable black stone. Unfortunately, many of these quarries are today mining very close to or within the sanctuaries/protected areas and are posing a threat to the rich flora and fauna of this area.

 

History

Chamarajanagara was earlier known as Arikottara. Chamaraja Wodeyar, the Wodeyar king of Mysooru was born here and hence this place was renamed after him. The Vijaya Parsvanath Basadi, a holy Jain shrine was constructed by Punisadandanayaka, the commander of the Hoysala king Gangaraja in the year 1117 A.D.


Geography

Being the southernmost district of Karnataka, Chamarajanagara district borders the state of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Specifically, it borders Mysooru district of Karnataka to the west and north, Mandya and Bengalooru districts of Karnataka to the north-east, Dharmapuri district of Tamil Nadu to the east, Salem and Erode districts of Tamil Nadu to the south-east, Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu to the south and Wayanad district of Kerala to the south-west.

Most of the district lies in the leeward region of the Nilgiris and consists of mainly semi-arid rain-dependent flatlands along with forested hills.

 

Attraction

Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary (52 km)
Situated on the Mysore-Ooty, this wild life sanctuary adjoins the Mudhumalai sanctuary in Tamil Nadu and the Wayanad sanctuary in Kerala. Herds of bison spotted deer, Elephants and sambar can be seen here. Tigers and lepards can be spotted occasionally. Bandhipur has been brought under 'Project tiger' since 1974. Bandipur is connected as one of the best wildlife sanctuary in india.
Biligirirangana Hills Wildlife Sanctuary (109 km)

Located at a height of 5,091 ft., this beautiful sanctuary is a home to a variety of wildlife such as gaur, chithal, sambar bears, elephants, panthers, tigers and a wild varity of birdlife. The Soligas, a native tribe also live here. The temple of Bilgiri Rangaswami is situated on these on these Hills, at 1567 meters above sea level. This temple is a large Dravidan structure of great antiquity. The annual Ratha festival is held here in April.
Kaveri Fishing Camp

The river Kavari at Bhimeswari, abounds in a a varity of fish including the Carnatic Carp and the mahseer. This place is a protected area for thr fish, as the anglers are advised to release the fish, after catching them. the wild beauty of the river and the countryside, are sure to hook any tourist.
Mahadeswara hills (94 km)

Situated well above sea level, this hill station is a popular pilgrim and tourist centre.

Waterfalls
Hogenakal
Hogenakal is a famous waterfall where the river Kaveri cascades down a gorge to give a breathtaking view. It is in the Kollegala Taluk and right on the border between the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Trekking
The Forest Department of Karnataka has come up with an initiative called Mystery Trails to promte eco-tourism by organising treks through the rich forests of Chamarajanagara district. Some of the trekking routes are:

Bedaguli to Jodigere to Bylore
BR Hills to Chenni Halla
MM Hills to Naaga Male
Bheemeshwari to Chellure Hill
Elephant Camp to Muthathi
Yerekem Halla to Gopinatham

 

How to reach

Air
The nearest airport is at Bangalore.

Rail
Chamrajanagar is well connected by rail to all the major cities in the state and to other parts of the country.

Road
Chamrajanagar is well connected by rail to all the major cities and states.