City : Chandannagar
Location : Eastern India
Language : Bengalii
Know About Chandannagar
Chandannagar, formerly known as Chandernagore or Chandernagar, is a city in India. It lies 20 miles north of Kolkata (Calcutta) in Hughli District of the state of West Bengal.
Chandarnagore is about 48 Kms from Kolkata by road and about 45Kms by rail. Bandel is about 62 Kms from Kolkata by road and 55kms by by rail. Best to travel by car. But train will provide comfortable and faster journey. The EMU local trains are available throughout the day from Howrah station and cycle rickshaws ply everywhere throghout the day. They know most of the places. We missed many places such as Danish settlement, Sriranmpore, Bansberia Hanseshwari temple and others as we started very late from Kolkata and by not taking the Express highway. we thought we travel by the Grand Trunk road to enjoy and explore the beauty of the Ganges. But that was a great mistake as the G.T. road is full of traffic, highly crowded and the road is extremely bad. It took us 2.30hrs to reach Chandernagore, The Delhi road would have taken only 1.3hrs or express highway about an hour or so. I may be off there very soon, well equipped and well researched. The pages or the trips will be upgraded again.
Chandannagar is a small city lying to the north of the Kolkata city, at a distance of about 39 kms. Chandannagar, like Kolkata has its history dominated by the foreign rule. The small township was founded in the year 1673 by the French Power in India. There was a regular governing power change in the region among two great colonial powers, that is the French and the British. Chandannagar was primarily established as a trading post on the banks of River Hooghly. The French during the early years of establishment built about 2000 brick houses and trade reached high ends during those days (1730's to 1750's). There were regular regime changes till 1950 when the town was liberated and incorporated as a territorial part of India.
A beautiful tourist spot along the banks of the river Ganga. It is a superbly decorated pavement studded with lights surrounded by lushy green trees. It is about 1 km in length and 7 meters in width, and many buildings of historical importance surround the spot. It is very popular visiting spot of the local people and the tourists would love to stroll along enjoying the mild breeze and watching the small boats sail by. Along the strand are present Vivekananda Mandir (a meditation centre) and a protruding structure into the river Ganga. This is supposed to be the best decorated bank of the river along its entire length of 2500 km.
Chandannagore Museum and Institute (Institut de Chandernagor)
One of the oldest and finest museums of the entire region. It boasts a beautiful collection of French antiques (like cannons used in Anglo-French war, wooden furniture of 18th century, etc.) which are difficult to find anywhere else in the world. The institute still teaches French through regular classes.
The Sacred Heart Church of Chandannagar (l'Eglise du Sacré Cœur)
The church stands for over two centuries to mark the beauty of the architecture during the French period — a good place to visit for the historians and tourists alike. The remains of the Church of St. Louis is also an attractive tourist spot.
The Underground House (Patal-Bari)
The building is another beautiful example of the advancement in the knowledge of architecture and the aesthetic sense of the people of those earlier days. Its lowest floor is submerged in the River Ganga. The Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore frequently visited the place and appreciated a lot about the building. He felt that the place influenced him to a large extent and broadened his intellectual capabilities. He mentioned Patal-bari in many of his famous novels. The famous social reformer Pandit Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar also stayed in the building. The house was owned by the ruling family of nearby Bansberia.
Nandadulal Temple, built in 1740 by Indranarayan Roychoudhury presents an excellent example of ancient Indian sculptures. There are many fascinating temples devoted to Kali, Shiva and other deities which show marks of brilliant craftsmanship and artistic taste.
Nritya Gopal Smriti Mandir
Built by Sri Harihar Sett, and donated to the people of Chandannagore. This building still serves as a theatre hall and a library. It was first of its kind in the entire locality.
Chuti and New Digha are two very popular amusement parks situated in the western part of Chandannagar.
Residences of famous personalities
The place hosts a galaxy of famous personalities who had strong impact not only on contemporary society but also affected Indian History. The revolutionary leader Rash Behari Bose, Kanailal Datta and the great social reformer Sri Harihar Sett Freedom fighteralso a renowned personalities Upendra Nath Bandopadhyay founder of Dynak Basumoti a daly bengali news paper, Mr. Jatindra nath Bandopadhyay also a very renowned personalities in this town.
The Howrah Railway Station is about 34 kms from Chandannagar. One can board a train from this grand terminal. There are halt stations at Chandannagar and most of the trains stop at the station of Chandannagar.
By road one can avail the National Highway No. 4, after crossing Hooghly River and in the premises of Howrah.
The nearest airport is that of Kolkata.
Rituals and the idol
The formal difference between goddess Durga and Jagaddhatri lies in Mayatantra and Jagaddhatri is mentioned with reference to Durga in Krishnanda's Tantrasaar. The rule to perform the special puja of the goddess on the ninth lunar day of the light fortnight in the Bengali month of Kartick has been mentioned in Krityatattarnab by Srinath Acharyachuramoni of the 15-16th century. The four-handed goddess is carried by the lion everywhere, an elephant lies at the feet of the lion. The idol has an old fashioned shaping, i.e. the face cutting is of a longish pattern; it has large eyes spread up to the ears and the four hands display conch, discus, shaft and bow respectively. The snake is her sacred thread. One of the main attraction of Jagaddhatri idol of Chandannagar is the ornamental decoration of the goddess with shola (stick) and beautiful canvas of mats with painting at the back of the image.
Chandannagore is 37 km by road from Kolkata via G.T.Road or Delhi road. Taxis and private cars in Kolkata are easily available to approach Chandannagore.
Local trains from Howrah through Howrah Burdwan Eastern Railway main line run very frequently (peak frequency one train every 10 or 12 minutes). Many important express and passenger trains halt here.
Nearest airport is at Kolkata (Kolkata Airport), which is airlinked with all major Indian and international cities. Chandannagore is only 40 km by road from the airport. Please check Flight Schedules from the airport.
Government of West Bengal (West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation) operates river services across river Hooghly (Ganga) and also between Chandannagore and Kolkata and Belur.