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Chandrapur

City : Chandrapur
Location : Western India
Language : Hindi, Marathi


Know About Chandrapur


Lying in the north eastern portion of the state of Maharashtra, Chandrapur district has a total area of 10,490 square kilometers. With a population of 20,77,909, Chandrapur is one of the important districts of the state.

Agriculture is the main source of revenue in this district. Paddy, cotton, Jowar and soybean are the most grown crops in the region.

Chandrapur is a place for wild life lovers with a visit to the lovely Andhari Tiger Reserve. Pilgrims and picnickers will also find a few places of interest like Bhadravati temple and Junona Development Scheme.

 


History


Chandrapur is city and a municipal council in Chandrapur district in the state of Maharashtra, India. It is also the headquarters of Chandrapur district.

The city of Chandrapur has ancient temples of the goddess Mahakali and of Anchaleshwar, a form of the god Shiva.

Chandrapur is also known as Chanda. It has various power generation units. The region is very rich in mineral wealth such as iron ore, limestone and coal. Many cement factories are located in this region. Due to large number of coal mines present around the city, the city is also known as City of Black Gold.

Narsimha Rao, a prime minister of India, was stationed at Chandrapur during the days when Nizam ruled Hyderabad. Rao got admission to Nagpur on recommendations of one of the prominent advocates of the region, Balwantrao Deshmukh. Balwantrao Deshmukh was a follower of Bal Gangadhar Tilak. It was due to his efforts that Tilak visited Chandrapur and laid the foundation stone of a school "Lokmanya Tilak Vidyalaya". Shantaram Potdukhe, one of the ministers of state having charge of finance portfolio in Narasimha Rao's government, is from Chandrapur. He was the deputy of the current Prime minister Manmohan Singh. Mohan Bhagwat, senior functionary of Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh, is also from Chandrapur.


Geography

Chandrapur is located at [show location on an interactive map] 19.95° N 79.3° E.[1] It has an average elevation of 189 metres (620 feet).

The city is located on the bank of "Erai" river, another river flowing through the city is "Zarpath". The northern portion of the city is high and southern is low as per topographical map i.e. 56m. The old city is surrounded by 4 very big walls. The gaontidev Nullah is originating form the upland of CTPS. The Mucchi Nullah is originating form upland of Ranger college.

This Noullah is merge in the tank "Ramala Talao" located in the heart of city. River Erai has a long history of floods, the flood marks are appeared on the fort wall of city, i.e. Pathanpura gate. The North South length of Chandrapur city is about 10 km and East West is 7 km. In the north of city, there is a dam made on river Erai, having the capacity of 207 million cubic meter. Foundation stone of the city was laid down by Khandkya Ballalshah, a Gond king.

 


Climate

Chandrapur is known for hot and dry climate. Humidity is very less in this region. Temperature starts decreasing from the month of October with December being the coldest of all with minimum temperature of 11.6°C and maximum of 28.2°C. The Southern region is warmer than the Northern. The lowest recorded temperature is 3°C (Northern region) and 8°C (Southern).

The daily mean temperature starts rising from the month of February which continues till June. May is most hot with mean maximum temperature of 45°C and minimum of 28°C. Often temperature rises up to 46º and is amongst the highest recorded in the South Asian region. Highest temperature ever recorded here is 47.6°C on June 3, 1995. It starts getting a bit humid from June due to the onset of monsoon, which lasts till September.

The average annual rainfall is about 1420 mm. The Eastern region receives more rainfall than Westermonsoon season [Jun-Sep], which exceeds 70%, but it falls down rapidly in Summer [Feb-May] when it is a mere n. Average number of rainy days is 60 to 65 per year. The humidity is relatively more during the 20%.

The prominent wind direction is from South to North. In Summer the wind direction is from East to south and in Monsoon from South to East. During Winter [October-January], the wind direction changes from North to East.

 

 

Industries

Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station (CSTPS) is the biggest pit head Thermal Power Station of the Maharashtra State Electricity Board and the largest in India among all the state Electricity Boards. The power plant, with a capacity of 2340 MW is appoximately 5 km from the city. It is the first ever thermal power plant in India to have commissioned 500 MW Unit(In year 1991-92).

Currently there are 4 units of 210 MW and 3 units of 500 MW each. The mammoth coal mines in an around the city also contribute to the heavy industrialization of the city. These coal mines are administered by WCL(Western Coal-fields Ltd.) The city also boasts of having the largest paper manufacturing unit of Ballarpur Industries Limited (BILT), largest manufacturer and exporter of paper in India, in the adjoining Ballarpur.

 


Attraction

Fort of Gond Raja, Mahakali Temple and Anchaleshwar Temple (Lord Shiva) are the main places to visit in Chandrapur. The fort has four gates (Jatpura, Anchaleshwar, Pathanpura and Bimba) and 4 windows. This fort divides this city in two parts. Tadoba-Andheri Tiger Reserve also known as Tadoba National Park is located approximately 45 km from the city.

The major attraction in this place is the presence of tigers. The large herds of Chital and the stately Samber are often seen in the forest. Other attractions include the elusive barking Deer, the fleet footed Chausinga, the majestic Gaur, the robust Nilgai, the shy Sloth Bear, the whistling wild dogs, the omnipresent wild Boar and stealthy Leopard etc. Other places to visit near Chandrapur include the famous Jain Temple, which has beautiful sculptures, in the neighbouring Bhadravati region.

This temple is said to be extremely old, but exact period when it was built is not known. There are several other idols in the temples, which were recovered after digging the earth. The community development project started by Baba Amte at Anandwan (Forest of Bliss) in the neighbouring Warora region is also worth visiting. The one man art gallery which has created awareness amongst the local population belongs to Mr.Manohar Sapre.He had been instrumental in carving and giving a distinctive facelift to the artefacts found in the Jungles.The driftwood have been wonderfully nurtured,and given a new shape which is worth visiting.