City : Darbhanga
Location : Eastern India
Language : Maithili

Know About Darbhanga

Darbhanga is a city and a municipal corporation in and headquarters of Darbhanga district and Darbhanga Division in the state of Bihar, India. It gets its name from Dar Bhanga or "gates broken" (for gates of Hindu Qila broken at Qila Ghat in 1326 AD when Tughlaq forces captured the last Hindu state in North India ruled by Harisinghdeva); some people guess Darbhanga is a distorted form of "Dwar Banga" or the Gate to Bengal, but actually the gate of Bengal is at Rajmahal which is far away from Darbhanga. The name of the district has been derived from its head quarter and principal town, which is said to have been founded by Darbhangi Khan. Among rest, Darbhanga is native to Maithil Kayastha and Brahmins.


The history of Darbhanga dates back to the Ramayana and Mahabharata periods, it is among the greatest cities of Bihar. According to the Vedic sources, the Videhas of Aryan stock first migrated to the area from the banks of Saraswati in Punjab. They were guided to the east of Sadanira (Gandak River) by Agni, the God of Fire. Settlements were established and, thus, flourished the kingdom of Videhas-the Selfless. In course of time Videhas came to be ruled by a line of kings called Janaks. In this line of kings there was a very famous king named Mithi. To commemorate his greatness the territory was named as MITHILA. Another famous king was Janak Sirdhwaja, father of Sita. The legends speak of various learned men patronized by Janak Sirdhwaja, who himself was an erudite scholar. Among them prominent were Yagyavalkya, who codified the Hindu law in his Yagyavalkya Smriti and Gautam, who had various valuable philosophical treatises to his credit. King Janak was himself a great philosopher and his ideas have been eternally enshrined in the Upanishads, esp in the Brihad-ara?yaka Upani?ada.


Darbhanga town is located at 26.17° N 85.9° E.[2] It has an average elevation of (52 to 39 metres) 48 metres (127 feet).

The District of Darbhanga can be divided into four natural divisions. The eastern portion consisting of Ghanshyampur, Biraul and Kusheshwarsthan blocks contain fresh silt deposited by the Kosi River. This region was under the influence of Kosi floods till the construction of Kosi embankment in the Second Five Year Plan. It contains large tracts of sandy land covered with wild marsh.