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Darjeeling

City : Darjeeling
Location : Eastern India
Language : Bengali


Know About Darjeeling

Until the early part of the eighteenth century, Darjeeling was under the king of Sikkim. Later Gorkhas invaded the region and annexed the area, which they eventually lost to British. The British used the place to escape the heat and found the strategic importance of the area. They, hence, developed the area as a hill station and tea-growing area. Darjeeling is well known for its tea industry and eco-tourism.

Darjeeling is thought to be derived from Dorjeeling, which literally means “the place of Dorjee,” the majestic thunderbolt. Some believe that the thunderbolt belongs to the Lamaist religion and some believe that it belongs to Lord Indra.

Timber, tea, and tourism underpin the economy of Darjeeling. The tea plantations were originally developed by the British. Oranges and cardamom are also available in plenty. Traditional arts and crafts of Tibet and Sikkim are the products available for shopping. Traditional Tibetian and Sikkimese food as well as other Indian cuisines are available.


Attraction

Aloobari Gompa
Aloobari Gomba, which is situated three kilometers away from the center of Darjeeling, is a monastery where you can find Tibetan and Sikkimese monks. These monks sell religious accessories and other handicrafts. If you are interested in shopping as well as sightseeing, then Aloobari Gomba is a place of choice to visit.

Badamtam Tea Estate
Badamtan Tea Estate was originally owned by the more than 150-years-old Lebong Tea Company. The tea estate was one of the tea company owned and managed by the British. It is located across the Rangit River. A walk to this tea estate will take a refreshing half a day.

Bengal Natural History Museum
The Bengal Natural History Museum is near Chowrashtra, the heart of Darjeeling. The museum contains a representative and comprehensive, but dusty, collection of Himalayan and Bengali fauna. The museum houses more than 4300 specimens. Bird species, reptiles, and other animals of the Eastern Himalayas are displayed at true to life altitudes.

The museum is open on all days except Thursdays, and is open between 10 am and 4 pm.

Bhutia Busty Gompa
Bhutia Busty Gompa is a monastery situated just under a kilometer out of Darjeeling. Kanchenjunga provides a spectacular backdrop to this monastery. This monastery is a branch of the Nygpama sect’s Phontag Monastery in Sikkim. It was transferred to Darjeeling in 1879.

Darjeeling Toy Train
The Darjeeling Toy Train made its first journey in September 1881. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway has acquired UNESCO’s endorsement as a World Heritage icon in 1999. The journey starts from Siliguri and at Chunamandi the train comes to its z-crossing, starting the zig-zagging or reversing in order to attain higher elevation. Sensation corners, which are nothing but loops, are excellent viewing points.

The to-and-fro journey fair for a person for this joy train is Rs 200. It has a capacity of 30 persons.

Dhirdham Temple
The Dhirdham temple is located below the railway station. The temple resembles the famous Pasupathinath Temple of Kathmandu. It was built in 1939. A statue of Lord Shiva is present outside of the temple depicting “Pancha Bakram Tri Netram”—five different facial expressions in different moods and the Third Eye of Lord Shiva are depicted. The temple’s roof is influenced by Tibetan architectural style.

Aarthis are held at 8 am and 6 pm.

Everest Museum
Everest Museum and Mountaineering Museum are entered through the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute Zoo. The zoo and the two museums are run by the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, which trains mountaineers.

Ghoom Monastery
Called Sakya Monastery, the monastery in Ghoom is located 8 km from Darjeeling. Sakya monastery is a historic as well as significant monastery of the Shakya Order. The original monastery was built during the early twentieth century.

Himalayan Mountaineering Institute Zoo
Everest Museum and Mountaineering Museum are entered through the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute Zoo. The zoo and the two museums are run by the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, which trains mountaineers.

Kanchenjunga
Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world (the first two being Mount Everest and K2), standing at an altitude of 8586 m. There are five peaks in Kanchenjunga. If you watch Kanchenjunga from the Observatory Hills, you might be deceived that the mount is a calm and serene upheaval of ice and snow.

Karmi Farm
Karmi Farm is a family-run farm that offers comfortable accommodation in Darjeeling. This farmhouse is floored using traditional wood and decorated with hand-woven rugs that are locally made. The farmhouse used local workers to produce organic food in Nepalese and Sikkimese traditional way. Sometimes food is brought from outside. The farmhouse has fabulous terraces that overlook the valleys.

Lloyd Botanical Garden
Lloyd Botanical Garden stands in the memory of a resident of Darjeeling, Mr. William. In 1878, he made over a beautiful piece of land to facilitate the creation of a botanical garden. Initiated as a branch of the Royal Botanical Garden, Kolkata, the garden is situated at an altitude of 1800 meters.

Mountaineering Museum
Everest Museum and Mountaineering Museum are entered through the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute Zoo. The zoo and the two museums are run by the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, which trains mountaineers.

Observatory Hill
The Mall road originates and culminates at the Chowrashtra. The hill atop the Mall is the Observatory Hill. This hill is attached to strong religious faith and great importance both for the Hindus and the Buddhists.

Padmaja Naidu Zoological Park
Padmaji Naidu Zoological Park is claimed to be the only zoo in the world to breed Tibetan wolf in captivity. It is also the first South Asian zoo to breed Snow Leopard and Siberian Tiger. Rare red pandas are also seen here.

Passenger Ropeway
One of the most beautiful attractions of Darjeeling, the passenger ropeway starts at North Point, about 3 km from town. This is India's first passenger ropeway. This ropeway, which is 5 kilometers long, connects Darjeeling with Singla Bazaar on the Ranjit River at the bottom of the valley.

Sandakphu
Sandakphu is a peak in Darjeeling. The name is derived due to the profound growth of poisonous plants around the peak. Sandakphu literally means “the height of poison plants”. It is located at a height of 3636 meters and around 58 km from Darjeeling.

Senchal Lake
Senchal Lake is located at an altitude of 8515 feet above the sea level. This lake serves as the water reservoir for the supply of water for Darjeeling. It is approximately 11 km from the town and is close to Tiger Hills. It is especially appreciated for its scenic splendor—a picnic spot, which is very popular among the tourists, both Indian and others. The area has a 9-hole golf course with a clubhouse. (

Snow Leopard Breeding Centre
The Snow Leopard Breeding Center is devoted to the snow leopard breeding program. Snow leopards are one of the endangered species. Efforts are on worldwide to make endangered species breed under captivity, and Snow Leopard Breeding Center is one such effort.

Tiger Hill
The Tiger Hill is located about 11 km from Darjeeling, at an altitude of 2555 meters above the sea level. The dawn view of Kanchenjunga, the highest mount after Mount Everest and K2, and other eastern peaks of the Himalayas is excellent.




How To Reach


By Air
The nearest airport is Bagdogra near Siliguri, which is at a distance of 93 km from Darjeeling. The taxi fare from the airport to Darjeeling is about Rs 1200. This airport is connected to Kolkata, Delhi and Guwahati. International travelers can get connecting flights from Kolkata or Delhi. Both are well connected with many cities in India and abroad.

By Train
The nearest rail is New Jalpaiguri. This is well connected to most of the major cities in India. The town of Darjeeling is approachable from Siliguri, nearly 80 km away, by Darjeeling Himalayan Railway also known as Toy Train.

By Bus
Regular bus services connect Darjeeling with many cities in and around Darjeeling. Siliguri, Kurseong, Gangtok and Kalimpong are well connected by private vehicles also.