City : Dhanbad
Location : Eastern India
Language : Maithali, Hindi, Bhojpuri

Know About Dhanbad

Dhanbad is a city and the Dhanbad Municipal Corporation (DMC) was formed as per the State Government Notification dated 1/02/06 with merger of areas Jharia NAC, Sindri NAC, Chhatandh NAC, Katras NAC and 27 census towns (as per 2001census), 258 villages and areas under Dhanbad Municipality, in Dhanbad district in the state of Jharkhand, India. According to census of India, 2001, it's the 27th largest city of India and third largest city of state of Jharkhand. It is the district headquarter and famous for its coal mines and industrial establishments; because of this, it has been called the "Coal Capital" of India and the "City of Coal." Until October 25, 1956 Dhanbad was a part of Manbhum District, West Bengal.

The Indian School of Mines, located in Dhanbad, draws students from all over India through, as well as some other countries through IIT JEE. The Central Mining Research Institute (CMRI), and the Central Fuel Research Institute (CFRI), both of which are controlled by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), are located in the area. Now They are merged and renamed as Central Institute for Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR). The economy of Dhanbad is mainly dependent upon coal and coal based industries. Dhanbad is on main rail track from Kolkata to Delhi and all the important trains enroute like Shatabdi Express, Rajdhani Express stop here.

Tata Steel has set up mines in the area. Coal washing and coke making are the main coal related industry in the city.

Other major companies having a presence in the mining activities of this city are: IISCO (Indian Iron And Steel Company), BCCL (Bharat Coking Coal Ltd). BCCL a subsidiary of the CIL (Coal India Ltd) is the largest operator of steel mines in this area and has open cast mines as well as underground mines, whereas Tata Steel has mostly underground mines. These companies have developed townships for its employees containing roads, water, power and sanitation facilities.

Dhanbad has produced shining stars for India at national level. Schooling in Dhanbad is among one of the best in country. With good faculty most of the schools come out with flying colours in board examinations. Dhanbad produces high IIT rankers year after year. Bokaro a city in Jharkhand besides dhanbad produces IIT toppers and gives India representatives for International Mathematics Olympiad.

The maximum temperature in winter is 22°C, and the minimum is 8°C. In summer, the maximum is 42°C, and the minimum is 22°C.


In 1941 Dhanbad had a population of 21,411. Prior to independence, dhanbad was a part of Manbhoom district in west bengal.


Dhanbad is located at 23.8° N 86.45° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 222 metres (728 feet).


Places around Dhanbad

Dhanbad has moderate temperature throughout the year and rainfall is common in all the seasons. Places of interest near Dhanbad are Maithon Dam, Topchachi, Panchet Dam and Parshwanath hills, famous for Jain tirthankara, s staute (sicsic).