City : Dombivli
Location : Western India
Language : Marathi, Gujarati, Kannad, Tamil
Know About Dombivli
Dombivli or Dombivali is a city in Kalyan "tehsil" in Maharashtra, India. The population of the city, according to the 2001 census(provisional results), is 1,193,000. It is located about fifty kilometres from the city of Mumbai, and about twenty kilometres from Thane.
Present-day Dombivali has its roots in two primary settlements, namely Gajabandhan village and "Old Dombivali" or "Juni Dombivli", and can be thought of as a modern territorial merger of these. The region lying between and surrounding these settlements, which became habitable only later, now forms part of the geographical extent of the city. Aayre, Chole, Patharli and Thakurli are notable among these later secondary settlements. It is believed that regions were allocated to communities according to their social status. Hence, Thakurli was the residence zone of the "Thakurs" or the tribal leaders. Patharli was inhabited by the "Patharwats" or stone-cutters. In this context, the "Dombas" inhabiting Dombivli were of low social class.
In spite of the early identity of the city as evinced by the Mahul stone inscription, Dombivali finds only scattered mention in historical records and little is known about it, except from a note in the Archaelogical Survey of India which mentions a huge open space, once used as a pond by the Peshwas. Some land adjacent to it happened to be a horse grazing and training site. Also, Old Dombivli, the waterfront of the locality, has historically been inhabited by the "Agris" ,a community claiming varied origins and place in mythological legend.
In the 19th Century farmers cultivated Paddy and sold it in the areas from Kalyan to Mumbai.
Dombivli's citizens have come to believe that their city has a nuanced culture of its own. It is said in jest that Dombivli has its own ecosystem right down to viruses and fevers found only there. 'Dombivli Fever' has its origins in this place.
Most of the couples in Dombivli are professionals with a more "modern" lifestyle, often reflected in their one-child families and penchant for consumer goods. Consumerism is at its peak here and hence, these families are often referred to as DISCOs (Double Income Single Child Only). About 67-68% of families in the city are classified as DISCOs.
The unique culture of Dombivli is reflected in the 'Navavarsha Swagat Yatra' that started in the city in late 1990s. The Yatra is organised on the first day of the Hindu New Year. In it all the groups, societies, clubs, companies from and near Dombivli take part with their own 'Chitrarathas' to welcome the new year. Ganesh Mandir Samsthan, Dombivli took the initiative in the organisation of first Yatra & today also it is the main organising body.
Many cities in Maharashtra followed Dombivli from next year, organising their Yatras. This Yatra is pride of Dombivli, the cultural vice-capital of Maharashtra. It reflects the unity among Dombivlikars as it does not confide itself with only Hindus or to some political party.
Dombivli is today witness to rapid industrial growth. The industrial part of the city (developed by the MIDC) has a large number of factories manufacturing dyes, paints, and industrial/agricultural chemicals. Heavy metal factories manufacturing a wide variety of equipments are also based in this region. A few, nationally prominent industrial establishments which have manufacturing plants in Dombivli are Gharda Chemicals, Vicco Labs, Lloyd Steel, and Deepak Fertilizers.