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Erode

City : Erode
Location : South India
Language : Tamil


Know About Erode

Erode is one of the Eight municipal corporations of Tamil Nadu and the headquarters of Erode district, Tamil nadu, India. It is the Eight largest city in Tamilnadu. It is situated on the western bank of the river Kaveri between 121 ° 19.5" and 11 ° 81.05" North latitude and 77 ° 42.5" and 77 ° 44.5" East longitude. It has a population of about five hundred thousand. Agriculture and textiles play an important role in its economy. It is the 8th largest urban agglomeration in the state of Tamil Nadu. It was made a full-fledged corporation in the month of January, 2008.



History

Map released by the Corporation of Erode showing clearly the municipalities that come under the corporation,Cauvery (blue at right) or the Perumpallam stream(blue at bottom) thereby nullifying the hypothesis of Dravidian racist historians.

Map released by the Corporation of Erode showing clearly the municipalities that come under the corporation,Cauvery (blue at right) or the Perumpallam stream(blue at bottom) thereby nullifying the hypothesis of Dravidian racist historians.

Erode was under the regime of local Gangakulam kings forming indegenous Chera kings and Western Ganga Dynasty. After a short rule of Cholas with Dharapuram as their Headquarters, Muslims (Modeen Sulthans) took over the rule after which Nayaks of Madurai ruled. Then Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan with occasionally rebelling polygar Dheeran Chinnamalai Gounder had their sway. In 1799, when Tippu fell to the British, British East India Company took over the administration after hanging Chinnamalai by deceit.

During Hyder Ali's regime, Erode flourished with 300 houses and A population of 1500. A mud fort, with a garrison of 4000 soldiers surrounded by coconut groves and fertile lands formed the boundary with river Kaveri on the north and Kalingarayan channel as the eastward boundary (By Bucchanan 7th and 8 November 1800).

Erode has upgraded into City corporation by Tamilnadu Government with effect from 01.01.2008.

 


Administration

Erode city is administrated by Erode Municipal Corporation. It also serves as the headquarters of the district with the same name. The city has one Members of Parliament representing the Gobi constituency. The city is headed by a Mayor, under whom are the Deputy Mayor and several councillors elected by people representing administrative wards; as well as a corporation Commissioner of the rank of IAS to administer the city. The district is headed by the District Collector of the rank of IAS. The District court is the highest court of appeal in Erode. The city has seen moderate to high development in spite of funds constraint.

Until now the city's police force is headed by Superintendent of police(SP),which will be soon replaced by City Police Commissioner in the grade of Inspector General(IG) of Police.


Location

Erode is located at a distance of 100 km. East of Coimbatore and is situated on the bank of river Cauvery between 11 ° 19.5" and 11 ° 81.05" North latitude and 77 ° 42.5" and 77 ° 44.5" East latitude. Erode local planning area extends over an area of 76.21Sq km with the population of about 5 lakhs (City) and about 30 Lakhs (District) as per 2006 (estimated).It is the eight largest city in Tamilnadu. It has an average elevation of 183 metres (600 feet)

Erode District lies on the extreme north of Tamil Nadu. It is bounded mostly by Karnataka State and also River Palar covers pretty long distance. To the East lies Namakkal and Karur Districts. Dindigal District is its immediate neighbour to the South and on the West, it has Coimbatore and Nilgiri Districts, as its boundaries. Thus Erode District is essentially a land-locked area having no sea-cost of its own.



Geology

The soils are mostly red sand and gravel with moderate amounts of red-loam and occasional black loam tracts. Vast stretches of the upland regions are mostly and gravelly. Red-loam occurs mostly in land under Kalingarayan channel and in beds of tanks in Erode city and to some lesser extent in the valleys in Perundurai and Dharapuram. It also occurs in the hilly tracts of Bhavani.

Soils of Bhavani, Erode, Dharapuram and Perundurai are chiefly gravelly, stony and sandy of the red variety. Soils of Gobichettipalayam and Sathyamangalam taluks are mostly of the red sandy variety. Red loam is prevalent mostly in Gobichettipalayam and Perundurai taluks



Climate

Erode in general is characterised with a scanty rainfall and a dry climate. Maximum rainfall is recorded in Gobichettipalayam and Bhavani. The Palghat gap in the Western Ghats, which has a soothing effect in the climate of Coimbatore District, does not render much help in bringing down the dry climate in this area. The cool-wind that gushes out of the west coast through Palghat gap looses its coolness and becomes dry by the time it crosses Coimbatore district and reaches Erode region.

Erode District has dry weather throughout except during the monsoon season. Generally the first two months of the year are pleasant, but in March, Mercury gains an upward trend which persists till the end of May. Highest temperature is normally recorded during May. The scanty showers during this period do not provide any relief to the oppressive heat. There is a light improvement in the climate during June-August period. During this pre-monsoon period, the mercury reverses its trend and by September, the sky gets overcast heavily but the rains are meager. North-east monsoon sets in vigorously only during October-November and by December, the rains disappear rendering the climate clear but pleasant.



City Specials

Famous Personalities from Erode

Thandhai Periyar
Theeran Chinnamalai
Ramanujam Pillai
Tiruppur Kumaran


Attraction

Thindal - 5 km from Erode, well known for real estate, temple of Lord Muruga.
Bhavanisagar Dam, Erode
Thanthai Periyar Memorial House, E.V.R Street, Erode
Chennimalai - 20 km from Erode, well known town for Handloom Clothes, temple of Lord Muruga.
Vellode - 15 km from Erode - Birds Sanctuary
Bhavani - 15 km from Erode - Confluence of rivers Bhavani and Cauvery,
Kodumudi-35 km from Erode - small town on the banks of river Cauvery with lot of temples
Bannari Amman Temple located at Sathyamangalam* Kodiveri-located near gobichetipalayam, popularly known for cine shootings.
Gobichettipalayam-well known for cine shootings, famous temples including Pariyur Amman Temple, which is entirely built by marble stone.
Sathyamangalam forest sactuary for wild animals
Kangayam -Sivan Hills(Lord Muruga Temple)- 45 KM from Erode
V.O.C park, Erode
Perundurai-18 km from Erode, well known for its SIPCOT and shown a exponential development in real estate.