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Gwalior
City : Gwalior
Location : Central India
Language :Hindi.
When to Visit : October to March


About Mysore

A historic city founded by King Surajesan, Gwalior, the formerly princely state of Madhya Pradesh, is famed for its outstanding palaces, sacred temples and glorious monuments.

Gwalior's history is as fascinating as the attractions in the city, which can be traced back to the 8th century AD. It is believed that this city is named after the saint ‘Gwalipa’, who cured the king’s deadly disease. A cradle of great dynasties, this fabulous city was in existence over the centuries.

With embracing structures like sandstone mosque, rock temples and fabulous statues, Gwalior city upkeeps its glorious tradition of the past. The magnificent fort on the majestic hills, that overlooks the entire city, gives an enthralling look to the scenic ambiance of this marvelous town. These spectacular monuments of the yesteryears, provides an exceptional charm to this wonderful city.


History

In the AD 6th Century the White Huns controlled Gwalior. In the 10th Century it was taken by the Kachwaha Rajputs. Katb-ud-din captured the city in 1196. Shamsud-din Altamsh took control of the area in 1232. By the 15th century the city had a noted singing school which was attended by Tan Sen. It first fell to the British in 1780, but was one of the cities taken during the Sepoy Rebellion.

Today Gwalior includes the former city of Lashkar. Laskar was the capital of Gwalior state one of the princely states of India during the British Raj. It then served as the capital of Madhya Bharat from 1950-1956.

Geography

Gwalior is located at 26.22° N 78.18° E[2]. It has an average elevation of 197 metres (646 feet). Gwalior is a historical Indian city - is located on the periphery of Madhya Pradesh State, 321 km (199.5 Miles) from Delhi and 121 km (76 Miles) from Agra.

Climate

Gwalior has a sub-tropical climate with hot summers from March to June, the humid monsoon season from July to October and a cool dry winter from November to December. The highest recorded temperature was 47oC and the lowest was -1oC.

Attraction

Gujari Mahal Archaeological Museum
Gujari Mahal Archaeological Museum is a place where you can find the rare and atypical antiquities. The most striking and prominent feature of Gujari Mahal is the precious stones and jewels in the crown. This world familiar Gujari Mahal is situated in Gwalior and this far-famed archaeological museum being visited by most tourists. Furthermore, the place has wide collection of unique variety sculptures fitting in the 1st Century AD. Gujari Mahal was built by Raja Mansingh Tomar and he dedicated this Mahal to his Gujar Queen Mrignayani. The major striking spotlight of this museum is the sculpture of Gyraspur Shalabhanjika is sheltered in the Gujari Mahal.

Gwalior Fort
The majestic monument, Gwalior Fort, in Gwalior was the nucleus of administration of the Tomars. This magnificent monument holds the history of several hundred years of different dynasties. The greatest martyrs of India Tantia Tope and Rani of Jhansi made this fort as their battlefield.

A massive structure, being the largest one of its kind, the Gwalior fort is a classic example of medieval architecture. The huge image of Garuda and numerous other wonders of the yesteryears are a spectacle to the tourist.

Jai Vilas Palace
A European style palace converted into museum, Jai Vilas Palace is situated in Gwalior. Its unique architecture, which is a mix of Italian, Tuscan and Corinthian, is quite amazing. Jai Vilas Palace is constructed by the Maharaja Jiyaji Rao Scindia and the fabulous palace is festooned with furniture from Versailles, Italy and France.

Jivaji Rao Scindia Museum
Jivaji Rao Scindia was one among the eminent rulers of the Scindia reign and many of the marvelous structures in and around Gwalior are the contribution of this progressive ruler. Jivaji Rao Scindia Museum is a memorial to this legendary genius.

Situated in the majestic Jai Vilas Palace, the Scindia Museum is established in 1964. Controlled by a private trust, this museum works on all days except on Mondays and the time schedule is between 9.30 am to 4.30 pm.

Man Mandir Palace
Built in the 16th century, Man Mandir Palace at Gwalior occupies a significant place in Indian history. A heartrending ambiance of graciousness and valor of those days still loiters in the silent chambers this royal mansion.

Worn out by the passage of time, the interior of the palace is nearly empty. The exquisitely designed tiles adorn the exterior of the palace. The only fascinating feature in this palace is the nicely carved stonewalls of the vast chambers. One among the important spot in this palace is the Jauhar Pond, where the Rajput ladies committed sati. The circular prison in the palace had witnessed the brutal murder of Murad by the hands of his own brother.

Padavali and Bateshwar
Padavali is famous for the magnificent temple built on the fortress of Padavali. The temple displays classic architecture, which can be equated with any of the famous temples.

This marvelous temple depicts the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu, Ram Leela, Krishna Leela, Mahabharat, marriage of Lord Ganesha, and Samudra Manthan. The image of Lord Shiva dancing in the cemetery in Preta form is a specialty of this beautiful shrine. An abode of numerous Hindu gods and goddesses, devotees will be enriched with devotion by the holy darshan.


Saas Bahu Temple
A 9th Century shrine, Saas-Bahu temple in the fort allures not only the devotees but also the tourists with its artistic value. As its name denotes, these temples are not ... (more) A 9th Century shrine, Saas-Bahu temple in the fort allures not only the devotees but also the tourists with its artistic value. As its name denotes, these temples are not dedicated to Sas (mother-in-law) and Bahu (daughter-in-law) but rather the short form of Shashtra Bahu, another name of Lord Vishnu.

Sun Temple
A newly built temple dedicated to the Sun god, the Sun Temple is located near residency at Morar, Gwalior. It is a facsimile of the famous Sun temple of Konark, Orissa and now this sun temple is one among the significant pilgrimage centers in Gwalior.

The temple is located in a serene ambience and a well-maintained garden within the temple premises is very attractive. This holy temple draws the locals and tourists alike who gather here to render their prayers. It makes one astounded that a shrine of comparatively modern origin holds such a highest regard, and became one among the most sought after pilgrimage centers in the city.

Suraj Kund
Situated in the majestic Gwalior fort, Suraj Kund is believed to be the same place where the Sage Gwalipa healed Suraj Sen, the Rajput chieftain. The history of Suraj Kund complex dates back to the 15th century.

The myth behind this legendary pond is very fascinating. It says that the chronic illness of Suraj Sen was cured after he had tasted the water of the pond. The king as a token of his gratitude towards the saint, who had cured his disease, built a tank and the mighty fort and named the city after the sage. The pond that can be seen in the fort drags the attention of the people because of its great historical value and sumptuousness.

Teli Ka Mandir
A lofty structure of about 100 feet, Teli Ka Mandir in Gwalior fort distinguishes itself from the other compositions of its time because of its unique architecture. Though the roof of the temple holds a Dravidian look, the sculptures are typically north Indian.

Tomb of Ghaus Mohammed
he tomb of a 16th century sufi, the Tomb of Ghaus Muhammad, in the town of Hazira lures tourists with its exceptional beauty. An Afghan prince turned sufi, it was Ghous Mohammed who helped Babur to win the Gwalior fort.


Transportation infrastructure

The city is well connected via rail, road and air transport services.

Air
Air Deccanfly daily to and from Delhi, Indore and Bhopal to Gwalior's airport. Indian Airlines' Delhi to Jabalpur line also stops at Gwalior.

Railways
Gwalior's main station is one of the major commercial railway stations of the North Central Railway division of Indian Railways, which is centred in Allahabad. The station has won awards from Indian Railways for clean infrastructure in 1987, 1988, 1989 and 1992. Express trains such as the Rajdhani Express and Shatabdi Express stop in Gwalior.

Roads
Gwalior is fairly well connected to other parts of Madhya Pradesh and India with national and state highways. The Agra-Bombay national highway (NH3) passes through Gwalior.