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Jodhpur
City : Jodhpur
Location : Wester India
Language : English, Hindi, Rajasthani.
Best Time To Visit : September to March.



About Jodhpur

Set Amidst the Thar Desert, the second largest city of Rajasthan, Jodhpur is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Rajasthan. Rao Jodha founded the former capital of the Marwar state, the city of Jodhpur in 1459 AD. As you travel through the Jodhpur city, you get well acquainted with the fortification of the city done with 10 km long wall and 8 gates.

he majestic forts, palaces and temples retain the historic and royal grandeur of the city of Jodhpur. The delicate and intricately made handicrafts, folk dances, folk music and the people in the traditional attire of Rajasthan make the city quite attractive and picturesque in every sense. The two-day Marwar Festival held here in Jodhpur, once in a year, is another principal event that pulls the tourist traffic towards Jodhpur.



HISTORY

The Rajput chief Rao Jodha founded the city of Jodhpur in 1459. Earlier, it was the capital of the Marwar state of Rajasthan. A 10-km-long wall made of stone surrounds the city. Eight doors stand all through the wall leading to different places of Jodhpur. The city has about 100 towers most of which are surrounded by defensive battlements. The guards' chambers, constructed high up above the ground and fitted with iron spikes on top, could be seen alongside these walls.

Geography and climate

odhpur is situated at the edge of the Thar Desert with Jaisalmer on its west, Barmar, Jalor and Pali on its south, Bikaner on its north, and Nagaur on the eastern side. It has a typical desert climate, dry and hot. The ideal time to visit this place is the period between November and March. The city is like an oasis in the vast desert, with a variety of thorny shrubs all over the area. It also has some of the animal species that can survive in an arid and dry environment.

The climate of Jodhpur is generally hot and arid but with a rainy season from late June to September (Köppen BWhw). Although the average rainfall is around 360 millimetres (14 in), it is extraordinarily variable. In the famine year of 1899, Jodhpur received only 24 millimetres (0.94 in), but in the flood year 1917 it received as much as 1,178 millimetres (46.4 in).



Tour Attractions in Jodhpur

Mehrangarh Fort
Spread over an area of nearly 5 square kilometers, Mahrangarh is situated in the heart of the city of Jodhpur. Besides being a landmark in Jodhpur Mehrangarh fort is a must visit for all the tourists. The fort is famous for its gigantic gateways that were built by the various rulers in the course of history.

Jaswant Thada
Jaswant Thada in Jodhpur is a white marble memorial built in the memory of Maharaja Jaswant II in 1899. It is widely believed that Maharaja Jaswant succumbed to injuries at this place only while fighting Emperor Jahangir. This jewel of Jodhpur tourism is a must visit during your Jodhpur tour.

Umaid Bhawan
Made of marble and pink sandstone, the construction of the Umaid Bhawan of Jodhpur started in 1929 and it took 16 years to complete it. The palace was constructed under the food-for-work program to give employment to the famine-struck population. Umaid Bhawan is a must visit tourism destination in Jodhpur also doubles up as the residence for the current royal family.

Mandore Gardens
Mandore gardens are situated about 8 kilometers from Jodhpur and are a not-to-miss tourism spots during the Jodhpur tour. This ancient capital of Marwar is famous for the cenotaphs of the Jodhpur rulers. The beautiful gardens with high rock terraces make it a popular picnic spot as well. Do visit this tourism destination in Jodhpur.

Rohetgarh Fort in JodhpurBalsamand Lake
Balsamand Lake, a splendid Jodhpur tourism spot, is about 5 kilometers from Jodhpur. This magnificent lake that is a popular tour spot was dug in the year 1159. The garden that adjoins the lake is not well maintained but is worth visiting. The small but magnificent summer palace that stands by the side of the lake is another place worth touring in Jodhpur.

Government Museum
This museum has a rich collection of weapons, textiles, miniatureportraits, local crafts and images of Jain Tirthankars. It is situated in the middle of the Umaid public gardens.


Excursions Around Jodhpur

Osian
Osian, lies about 58 kilometers from Jodhpur, is a must visit tourism spot around Jodhpur. This place is basically an oasis that is dotted by as many as 15 beautifully sculptured Jain and Hindu temples. Some of the prominent ones are The Sun Temple, Kali temple and the main Jain temple dedicated to Lord Mahavira.

Dhawa
Another must visit tourism spot around Jodhpur for the animal and nature lover is the Dhawa wildlife sanctuary. The Dhawa wildlife sanctuary is situated at about 45 kilometres from Jodhpur and is famous for Desert Rats and Antelopes.

Nagaur
Nagaur is about 150 kilometers from Jodhpur. The imposing fort with beautiful murals of Nagaur is a must see during the Jodhpur tour. Every year in the month of February, a weeklong cattle fair is held at Nagaur that attracts scores of foreigners.




Natural sites

Balsamand Lake - now converted to a resort
Kailana Lake - a picnic spot and a main drinking water source for the city

Temples

Baba Ramdev Temple, Masuria Hills.
Ganesh Temple, Ratanada.
Mahamandir Temple, Mahamandir Chauraha.
Pal Balaji Temple, Pal Gaon.
Santoshi Mata Temple, Lal Sagar.

How to Reach Jodhpur

By Air
The Jodhpur Airport is well connected with important metropolitan cities of the country through regular flights.

By Rail/ Train
The city of Jodhpur is connected directly with most of the important cities of India like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Howrah, Jaipur and Delhi with several express and super fast trains.

By Road
National Highway number 8 reaches Jodhpur from New Delhi via Gurgaon, Jaipur, Ajmer, Beawar and Pali. It is connected to other cities through a network of state and national highways.



Shopping

In response to export markets, many of the factories and shops here design furniture and metal work products that are geared to Western tastes. The central market, or Ghasmandi Bazaar, is very popular with visitors. But the really good stuff is found outside the city walls. You'll find textiles, silver, jewellery, instruments, pottery, boxes, carved ducks, metalwork, marble figures, paintings, copper, brass, antique reproductions, ivory, insignias in white German metal, bed covers, wall hangings, puppets, clothes, old doors, and lots of furniture.

Wooden and Iron Furniture
Some of the best selections can be found in shops and warehouses along Umaid Bhawan Palace Road and High.