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Lucknow

City: Lucknow
Location :Old Lucknow in Banarsi Bagh, close to Hazrat Gunj North India.
Language :HIndi, English,Urdu.


About Lucknow


Lucknow, the Golden city is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh and is popularly called the city of Nawabs and Kababs. Though it is rapidly modernising, it still has kept its past glory and is known for its cultural refinement. It is also associated with legendary hospitality, leisurely moods of life and world-renowned cuisine.

The city offers plenty of places of historical interest to tourists. The popular Parsi theatre originated from the Urdu theatre, and the Tabla and Sitar were first heard on the streets of Lucknow.

History

The history of Lucknow is shrouded in mythological mist. A popular tale states that Lord Rama presented this region to his sibling Laxman, who supported him in all his tribulations. Ever since the region came to be known as Laxmanpur and Lucknow is believed to be a derivative of this term.

Famous for the legendary Nawabi etiquette, Lucknow boasts of a culture that advocates warmth, gracious lifestyles and charm. Ruled by the Nawabs of Awadh for centuries, Lucknow was where the rich indulged in plush lifestyles, drank the best wine, patronized classical music, dances and other indigenous art forms.

Tour the brilliantly chiseled palaces and mosques of Lucknow with Destination India Tourism and enjoy heritage pleasures that charm.

Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh, India is known for its educational institutions, especially the famous La Martiniere College that was honored with 'Battle Honors' from the British Empire.


Geography


Situated in the heart of the great Gangetic plain, Lucknow city is surrounded by its rural towns and villages like the orchard town of Malihabad, historic Kakori, Mohanlal ganj, Gosainganj, Chinhat, Itaunja. On its eastern side lies Barabanki District, on the western side is Unnao District, on the southern side Raebareli District, and on the northern side the Sitapur and Hardoi districts. The Gomti River, the chief geographical feature, meanders through the city, dividing it into the Trans-Gomti and Cis-Gomti regions. Lucknow city is located in the seismic zone III .


Lucknow Weather


Lucknow is situated in the Northern India and thus experiences a warm subtropical climate. The city witnesses a chilly but dry winters that persists from December to February. The maximum temperature remains around 24°C where as the minimum hovers in the range of 3-4°C. The mornings are generally foggy.

Summers in Lucknow are hot and humid with mercury rising up to 45°C in daytime. Evenings are relatively cooler. Hot dry winds called Loo blow during the summer. These can prove fatal at times

Lucknow receives about 101 cm of annual rainfall mostly from the Southwest monsoon winds between July and September. Lucknow sadly has the highest level of Suspended Dust Particles Measurement (SDPM) in India. Lucknow city is located in the seismic zone III with majority of the city construction not being earthquake resistant.


Cuisine


When it comes to dining, Lucknow is a culinary delight as the Awadh region has its own distinct Nawabi style cuisine, with various kinds of biryanis, kebabs and breads like 'sheermal' / 'roomali roti' all very popular delicacies.

Lucknow has also pioneered the slow-fire cooking called Dum Pukht. The world-famous chef Imtiaz Qureishi hails from Lucknow.

With several bakeries in town, the sweet-toothed are never go unsatisfied. The delicious cakes, pastries and the traditional Keiser-pista biscuits are sure to make you come back for more.

Shopping in Lucknow

Lucknow is famous for its cotton textiles and chikenkaari work. Lucknow's perfumes are famous too. Aminabad, Chowk, Hazratganj and Janpath are the main markets here. If one like non-veg dishes then one can enjoy rich delicacies on street side shops (Shikawat near Gymkhana Club and Tunde ke kebab in Chowk are two well known shops).

Dance And Music

Kathak, the classical Indian dance form took shape here. Wajid Ali Shah, the last Nawab of Awadh, was a great patron and a passionate champion of Kathak. Lachhu Maharaj and Birju Maharaj have kept this tradition alive.

Lucknow is also the city of eminent Ghazal singer Begum Akhtar. She was a pioneer in Ghazal singing and took this aspect of music to amazing heights. "Ae Mohabbat Tere anjaam pe rona aaya" is one of her best musical renditions of all times.

The Bhatkande music university at Lucknow is named after the great musician Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande.

Lucknow has given music legends like Naushad Ali, Talat Mehmood, Anup Jalota and Baba Sehgal to the entertainment industry. It is also incidentally the birthplace of British pop legend Sir Cliff Richard.

Lucknow Tourist Attractions

Chota Imambada LucknowLucknow, the city of Nawabs, has numerous tourist attractions on offering for you. The city that is equally famous for its culture and culinary has a laid back image and the favorite pastime of people in the city is to sit across any of its numerous food-joints & gossip. Following are some of the famous attractions in Lucknow: -

Bada Imambara
Bada Imambara is a famous monument of Lucknow that has historical, cultural and heritage importance. Bada Imambara complex was commissioned by the then Nawab of Awadh, Asaf -ud-Daula in the year 1784. The complex also includes the large Asfi mosque, the Bhul-Bhulayah (the labyrinth) and a summer palace with running water.

Chota Imambada
Chota Imambara is the landmark of Lucknow. This monument is also known as Husseinabad Imambara in Lucknow as this place was the office of the erstwhile Husseinabad trust that owned the city once. Chota Imambara is an imposing monument located in the Old City area of Lucknow close to Chowk.

Government Museum
The State Museum in Lucknow is a must visit for all the tourists and otherwise who visit Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow Museum is rather situated in a modern three-storied building at Banarasi Bagh area of Lucknow. It is actually a museum and achieve rolled in one. The museum has separate galleries dedicated to sculptures, bronzes, paintings, natural history and anthropological specimens, coins, textiles and decorative arts.

Rumi Darwaza
Rumi Darwaza is one of the most impressive gateways not only in Lucknow or India but also the whole world. The gateway lays Northwest of Bada Imambara. It is interesting to note that Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula, like the Bada Imambara, also commissioned Rumi Darwaza. Both were commissioned under the 'Food for Work' program initiated by the Nawab to bring respite to the city populace that was suffering from famine

Shah Najaf Imambara
Shah Najaf is the pseudonym given to Maula Ali, the son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad who was the most valiant warrior and the greatest intellectual of Islam. His nickname was Haider that means Lion in Arabic. Due to his valiant efforts in protecting the nascent Islam, he was bestowed with the title of Haider-e-Khuda or "Lion of Allah".

Ali later became the fourth Caliph of Islam. During his caliphate he chose Najaf, a town in Iraq, as his seat of governance.

The Residency
The Residency is actually a group of buildings that were built in 1800 A.D by the then Nawab of Oudh, Nawab Saadat Ali Khan. It was constructed in order to serve as the residence for the British Resident General who was a representative in the court of Nawab.

The palace was rather a sleepy residence for decades but then came an incident, which put it on the world map.

Reaching Lucknow

Air : Indian Airlines connects Lucknow with Delhi, Patna, Calcutta and Mumbai

Rail : Agra, Ahmedabad, allahabad, Amritsar, Delhi, Dehradun, Guwahati, Calcutta, Jammu, Mumbai, Varanasi.

Road : Lucknow is well connected with some major cities like Agra (363 km), Allahabad (225 km), Calcutta (985 km), Delhi (497 km), Kanpur (79 km) and Varanasi (305 km).